Sumerian creation myth

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

(Read the article on one page)

Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. (

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Featured image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

Related Links

Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological characters

Sumerian creation myth

Enuma Elish - The Epic of Creation

Sumerian Myths of Origins

Sumerian Deities

Related Books


By John Black


Finally, someone that KNOWS what they are talking about! I have no problem believing what you say. Furthermore, I beleive that "our" archeologists, and so-called "scientists" have known for years (since the beginning???) that there was a GREAT civilization that streched across the FLAT EARTH we live on today.

I know this will be difficult for you to accept.

In this article, there are FOUR "characters" on the left side of the second figure. I believe everyone can see them.

What if I tell you these FOUR characters are ancient Chinese, and I can read / interpret them?
They have NOTHING to do with mythology. On the contrary, they are about COMMERCE / BUSINESS.

Will you believe?

"Even in Bible, Christ told to pray to your heavenly father without mentioning names..."

However, in the Bible, Christ also said that " are all the same in His eyes..." (paraphrased).

“As the Sumerian story says Enki and Ninki created Us (humans) at the request of Anu “

There is no such thing as common human heritage. Different people have different heritage. In plane words a particular human breed was ether created from scratch or gods inerbread with vanilla to start a new sort of species. Souls for different human species bodies also come from different places-lokas and after death go back to where they come from. A bit of genetics from father god is enough to mark up his property on earth and have souls from his world to incarnate into his bodies to get that life lesson. In multiethnic bodies darkest god-father wins that body, soul will come from his world there. 

Even in Bible, Christ told to pray to your heavenly father without mentioning names, that is because your father might be different from what you think and if you go by name you prayer might go  the wrong deiety. Them wizards knew at the old times that people have different origins unlike modern scientists now.



Дед Яга

I am currenly deciphering the Genesis of Reu's 12-year zodiac before Chinese calendar. And before Monkey zone drifted to Leo stars it is clear that Genesis data indicates a Leo Sheep then a Virgo Monkey then a Libra Horse which according to you i would be looking for a Jupiter Marduk in the Sumerian Chinese year of Libra Horse (60-year Jupiter is 360-day and spans only 59 years as 2206bc May 24 to 2147bc July 13 to 2088bc Sep 1 to 2029bc Oct 21 to 1970bc-1911bc for five times between each of these dates. The Libra Jupiter of 2088bc is also a rising Mars that is wrongly debated as birth of Terah or birth of his son Haran (though neither because terah is 2148bc Monkey and Haran is 2078bc). Wrong versions of Haran such as by Jasher, they all place Haran born when Terah was 39 which is thrice 13-year Mars, not thrice 12-year Jupiter.


Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

Sealings from the archive of Doliche.
Classical scholars from the Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics" of the University of Münster discovered a large number of sealings in south-east Turkey. "This unique group of artifacts comprising more than 1,000 pieces from the municipal archive of the ancient city of Doliche gives many insights into the local Graeco-Roman pantheon -- from Zeus to Hera to Iuppiter Dolichenus

Myths & Legends

Detail, Chicomoztoc — the place of the seven caves.
Is Aztlan the ancient homeland of the great Aztec civilization, or is it just a mythical land described in legends? The Aztec people of Mexico created one of the greatest empires of the ancient...

Human Origins

Sumerian creation myth
Sumer , or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and...

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article