Sumerian creation myth

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

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Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth ( Enuma Elish ) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh , Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. (

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Featured image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. ( Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden .

Related Links

Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological characters

Sumerian creation myth

Enuma Elish - The Epic of Creation

Sumerian Myths of Origins

Sumerian Deities

Related Books


By John Black


Your absolutely right. The bible had it backwards, we weren't free in the "garden of eden", we were enslaved by Enlil in modern day Iraq(garden of eden). He didn't like the way the humans lived, they made too much noise and they over populated so then he saw the wickedness of man and he wanted him blotted out and has been conspiring us to pit ourselves against each other ever since. That's why the tree of life was considered "sacred knowledge" because it reveals the truth of how duality functions through corruption of purity that's why we weren't suppose to eat it. By eating the fruit, we realized we were enslaved by fear and entrapment. By eating the fruit we inherited the earth. In truth, fear and evil are unnecessary. If you were "god", why make a "garden of eden" for your creation you love so much if they can't eat fruit from all the trees? The Sumerian "god" Enki or the "snake", fought for our survival as a species and set us free. It's because of Enki we inherited the earth. Both were extraterrestrial Sumerian "gods", not real "gods". Not one "god" but many. Our ancestors mythologized the extraterrestrial Sumerian "gods" like they were masters of the universe when they were just flesh and blood ancient astronauts. They weren't "god" and the "devil", they were both extraterrestrials and they were both fallible. So, should we take command from extraterrestrials who created us if we're capable of making our own decisions? What I'm trying to say is that when one species creates another and the created species has it's own mind and is alive, is that specie free from slavery from it's creator? The answer is, yes. The thing is, we were a lie, we were never meant to amount to anything. That alone should make a person strive to want to better themselves and not by fear and manipulation.

Before there was monotheism, there was a belief of many "gods" or polytheism which only contradicts all major religions. The only reason for a belief of one "god" was because a single denomination would control the fate of an entire country and everyone was taxed to support it. The problem was monopoly. These established churches were often opposed to reforms, because they wanted to hang onto their privileges. Governments also preferred to have just one church because a single church is easier to oversee. Authorities were severe with anyone who threatened church monopolies. A man might have his tongue cut off for preaching without a license. A citizen might lose his ears for listening to unapproved preaching. In the worst cases, rulers burned people to death for teaching children the Ten Commandments or the Lord's Prayer. And it all started in 325 A.D. by the Council of Nicea, Constantine decided to gather all the churches to decide which beliefs and which books were deemed orthodox and which ones were heretical for the religious movement because that's all it was. A movement, not the truth. They decided on one denomination for the movement. Besides, who, out of all the people on earth get to decide everyone's fate and which books are deemed orthodox, I don't think anyone has that right. Before, there were many different beliefs on how to get to a "heaven" or to your salvation, so the idea that you could only get to "heaven" through the son originated then because that was when they decided that Jesus was like "god" and that he should be worshiped like one. Which only means that the belief was man-made and not the truth. The problem wasn't having different beliefs, the problem was deciding on one belief and punishing everyone for not joining.

It was the political establishment that sought to historize the Jesus figure for social control. In 325 A.D. in Rome, Emperor Constantine convened the Council of Nicea, it was during this meeting that the politically motivated Christian doctrines were established and thus began a long history of religious bloodshed and spiritual fraud. For over the next one thousand years the Vatican maintained a political strangle hold of all of Europe, leading to such joyous periods as the dark ages and along with enlightening events such as the Crusades and the Inquisition. Christianity along with all other related theologies is a historical fraud. These religions now serve to detach the species from the natural world and likewise each other. They support blind submission to authority. They reduce human responsibility to the affect that "god" controls everything and in turn awful crimes can be justified in the name of the divine pursuit and most critically it empowers the political establishment who have been using the myth to manipulate and control societies. The religious myth is one of the most powerful devices ever created and it serves as the psychological soil upon which other myths can flourish.

Religion is mind control. It was originally designed to conquer us by the extraterrestrials. Where science flies men to the moon, religion flies men into buildings. What I have learned is that you can use the religious addiction to overcome another addiction like drugs, crime, depression and abuse. By substituting the addiction you can overcome another but if your not suffering from any type of addiction then religion is not needed because it's like chemotherapy for cancer. You wouldn't submit to chemotherapy treatments if your not suffering from cancer would you? Religion alone is dangerous because it's a duality belief system. A duality belief system is a system of superiority that makes a separation between the unified creation which is us. It separates us in a universe that unites us. The truth is, the power to overcome any addiction was inside you the whole time, the only reason why you have to substitute an addiction for another is because some addictions are too strong for our weak minds. When your involved in addiction, your lost and need help finding yourself. Even after you use religion to free yourself from drugs, it will be hard to free yourself from religion just as any other addiction.

When you look around yourself and look at the world, you'll realize something isn't right. This is when the era of reason happens, when we start the fight for our true minds. We have to regain our true minds because we shouldn't need a supernatural explanation of why we do the moral or right thing. If you need a supernatural explanation of why you do the moral or right thing then your're not moral, your're faithful and your morality is at the mercy of all sorts of corruption ranging from schizophrenia, paranoia, nightmares, corrupt, power-hungry religious leaders, political institutions, peer pressure, the love for power and the media. The contradictory beliefs or religious beliefs that were handed down by these other-worldly beings asks for your faith and if you blindly conform then your at the mercy of it's cycle of corruption. You'll be lost from finding yourself and thinking on your own just like a drug addiction. They substitute their mind set for ours. Blindly conforming to any agenda is dangerous, even from our own government. Faith is doing what your told regardless of what's right(ie. Abraham's willingness to kill his son). Morality is doing what's right regardless of what your told. So when you use religious ideology to try to find the truth, the truth your looking for, is not of your own. A person who doesn't do his own thinking is a traitor to himself and his fellowmen. If your taking a view that there is value in the moral systems produced by religions then that concept is in opposition to humanism. It is the morality of religions, and especially the confidence that such systems have implicit value, that have led, and continue to lead, to some of the greatest harms and injustices in our societies. I know the "law" or the "church" tells you to do what your told and sometimes the "law" or the "church" is just only a piece of paper but somewhere in between there's life and we have to accept one another regardless of what we're told. I know that the "law" or "church" tells us what we're supposed to do but instead we need to do what we think is right. And that's called regaining our true minds. Don't let anyone or anything make you feel guilty for living life the way you want to. Don't be afraid of being yourself. The toughest day in a man's life is when he starts thinking on his own. A man who doesn't do his own thinking is a traitor to himself and to his fellowmen. When you look around you, you'll realize something is not right with the world. This is when the era of reason happens, when we start the fight for our true minds. The other-worldly beings do this to manipulate the way in which we apply our energy. Our energy is food for them.

Enki taught us about unity and that we are all equal components of the universe and Enlil taught us duality that we have to answer to a "single master" in all of creation and has been spreading it throughout every belief. Duality. We can't even think for ourselves because beliefs are designed to divide, control and conquer. Suppressing every protest we have with it's contradiction. If we protest, it suppresses our protest. If we decide to act independently, it demands that we don't do so. It was originally a disagreement between two extraterrestrial Sumerian brothers not God and the Devil. Believe those who are seeking the truth, doubt those who find it. This is why the "Archons" or the accessories to the divine pursuit are so desperate in their efforts to represent the opposite of unity, to create an illusory system of superiority that supposedly there's one master in all creation and make a separation from the unified creation. To lock us as servants inside an eternal illusion. This is why Unity is the true path of creative expression, this acknowledges the TRUTH that we are all equal components of creation. Duality is the only "hell" that exists. These other-worldly beings are an essential part of the universe, they must be taken as what they really are, awesome and monstrous. They are the means by which the universe tests us. We are spheres of energetic probes created by the universe and it's because we are possessors of energy that has an awareness that we are the means by which the universe becomes aware of itself.

Every belief points to the "heavens", that our "souls"(energy) goes to a "heaven" but what they meant was the universe as energy that flows through the cosmos, not some mythological place in the clouds. Our bodies have an energy or "soul" that has an awareness, this life is a test, to test our awareness. That's why we constantly struggle and wonder why are we in so much corruption. We are spheres of energetic probes created by the universe and it's because we are possessors of energy that has an awareness that we are the means by which the universe becomes aware of itself. If you're aware you exist, then you do. So what makes you, you? Who are we? Our brains? Our brains are a body part like our fingernails or our hearts. Why is that the part that's makes us? It doesn't because we have a sort of voice that's in our heads, the part of us that thinks, that feels, that is aware that we exist at all. If you're aware you exist, then you do. That's why when die we're still here, as energy. That's our awareness. What's true in our minds and in our awareness, is true, whether some people know it or not. Our body's energy has an awareness that's susceptible to beliefs because the human species genuinely wants to fit in, it wants to feel accepted, that's all we've ever wanted was to feel accepted and the malevolent extraterrestrials that landed and genetically engineered our bodies in antiquity, know that and use that against our awareness. Our bodies are just what they are, "bodies" or capsules and they're only temporary. Our energy is what we truly look like. It is important to know that this reality is a corrupted illusion because upon death, you will be approached by energy beings that will test your awareness for duality and will attempt to contained you by using fear and deception. If they don't sense acceptance, they'll play your life before you to expose your addiction to duality and the way it's affected the people around you, it's to show your separation to the universe. Any belief in duality, fear, ego or addiction, will be used against you. To keep you repeating cycles of lives as a slave to duality by your own choice of representation. These are "the bardos" or "judgements" in the afterlife, an attempt to expose your duality, to place you into a new realm(life) of illusion for further exploitation. This life is to test your awareness that we are all equal components of creation and that there is no "single master" in all creation, there is only creation as one, united as one with everyone accepted by unity, if you believe otherwise then you'll be placed back into this world to feed the system of duality. If you believe in unity, you'll be free to roam the cosmos as energy. You'll be able to go and experience anything that you want to when you were in your capsule because energy is everywhere, its in everything.

You see, when humans are infants, their "souls" are spheres of luminous balls of energy covered from the top to the bottom with a glowing coat, something like a plastic cover that is adjusted tightly over like a cocoon of energy. That glowing coat is our "soul's" awareness. That glowing coat of awareness is what the "Archons" consume, and when humans reach adulthood, all that is left of that glowing coat of awareness is a narrow fringe that went from the ground to the top of the toes. That fringe permitted mankind to continue living, but only barely. Man is the only species that has the glowing coat of awareness outside that luminous cocoon. Therefore, man becomes an easy prey for an awareness of a different order, the order of duality, the heavy awareness of our predator. So that we become so addicted to duality, we no longer prefer to act in unity. I know that even though you may have never suffered hunger, you have food anxiety, which is none other than the anxiety of the predators(extraterrestrials) who fears that any moment now its maneuver is going to be discovered and food is going to be denied. By means of discipline, we can push the "Archons" away long enough to allow our glowing coat of awareness to grow beyond the level of the toes. Once it goes beyond the level of the toes, it grows back to its natural size. But by feeding duality, the glowing coat that protects your energy will be eaten away forcing you to unknowingly judge people for being different and sometimes physically or emotionally hurt people. Belief systems of duality have taken many innocent lives through out the history of mankind. Unity is the true path of creative expression.

There is a science that explains what makes us act the way we do. There is a war constantly within ourselves. Every one of us human beings has two minds. One is totally ours, it is like a faint voice that always brings us order, directness, purpose, The other mind is a foreign installation. It brings us conflict, self-assertion, doubts, hopelessness, it's ourselves as the me-me center of the world, it hides itself in the guise of hope and calling it faith. Faith is doing what you're told, regardless of what's right (e.g. Abraham's willingness to kill son). Morality is doing what's right regardless of what you're told. The only way a person can win the war within themselves and find peace within themselves, is to resolve the conflict between these two minds by intending it. In other words, by intending it, you always accomplish what you set out to do. The only way to bring peace through out the world is if everyone found peace inside themselves. What we must set out to do is to face infinity without flinching. Infinity is everything that surrounds us, the spirit, the dark sea of awareness. It is something that exists out there and rules our lives. The steps that guide you and me in our everyday lives are guided by infinity. The circumstances that seem to be ruled by "chance" are in essence ruled by the "active side of infinity" or intent. What brought you and me together was the intent of infinity. It is impossible to determine what this intent of infinity is, yet it is there, as real as you and I are. We are not naturally petty and contradictory. Our pettiness and contradictions are the result of a transcendental conflict that afflicts every one of us, but of which only sorcerers are painfully and hopelessly aware of, the conflict of our two minds. One is our true mind, the product of all our life's experiences, the one that rarely speaks because it has been defeated and reduced to obscurity. The other, the mind we use daily for everything we do, is a foreign installation.

If you question every institution, you will realize that there's something far more sinister behind the veil, an agenda for power, not love. When you question an institution, just ask yourself, is this "service to others" or "service to self". Is this STO or STS? Many institutions have been controlling us for its own particular political objective and many of our lives are being lost. Many people think that terrorism means when an external country invades ours but it doesn't necessarily mean external, terrorism can come from our own government to gain power over people, when "we the people" supposedly own this nation. History can confirm the terror that has been controlling us from different institutions including religious institutions. 9/11, Oklahoma City, The World Trade Center, The Crusades, The Inquisition and the Dark Ages, many more of these are just examples we didn't question. We are enslaved through corruption, fear or terror. Many innocent lives are being lost and all for control, power and national security, to keep the people enslaved, to keep them brainwashed, to keep trained and to keep them from thinking too much. All I know is that first we've got to get mad. We have to tell these man-made institutions that we are human beings and our lives have value. I see humans in this world but I don't see humanity. The day we stop caring about each other will be the day we lose all humanity. We have to accept each others differences and unite. Everyday be considerate to one another, love each other and embrace each others differences. Love = Light = Knowledge. Love is light and to have light, is to be enlightened and to be enlightened means to have knowledge. The only defense against situations like this is with knowledge. The only defense against the world's greatest dangers is to inform yourself with knowledge.

The truth is, you don't need an outside voice to have feelings that there's something bigger than yourself, it's inside you, what you call "god" is inside you and was always inside you the whole time, it's in all of us and I just hate to see people hating and killing each other over their own interpretation of what they're not smart enough to understand. I know the "law" or the "church" tries to tell you, "to do what your told" and sometimes the "law" or the "church" is only a piece of paper but somewhere in between there's life and we have to do what we think is right and that's to regain our true minds. It's not about a question of faith or loyalty but of individuality. Don't be a traitor to yourself. Many religions are taught to practice self denial and are told that their own will is totally irrelevant. They are afraid of even expressing their own individuality in many cases. Christians and others are taught that they have virtually no power to do anything except pray, worship and do "good deeds." Religious followers believe that they are yielding their will over to a benevolent cosmic individual who has single-handedly created the whole universe and has their best interests at heart when in fact they are handing over their will and freedoms to hidden groups of religious elites for the elites own personal gains. It appears that religion must constantly degrade and humiliate its followers in order to glorify and elevate its god. Unfortunately many people appear eager to give away their power to authority and seem to have a need and even a desire to be ruled and disciplined by it. Many people who have turned to religion are lost because they have avoided looking for themselves or what they genuinely represent. They feel guilty of being themselves, when they should embrace their own individuality. Don't ever let anyone or anything make you feel guilty for living life the way you want to. It frees up a lot of creativity and exploration, you'll regret it if you don't. You'll later on find yourself and find your place in this world and you'll ask yourself, "what have I been doing with my life"?

Anyone who interpret the numerous cultural Myths of Creation literary without being able to connect the right telling to the right cosmological meaning is bound to make interpretative mistakes.

1) Creation Stories deals with real cosmological facts.
2) Creation Stories are connected directly to the creation of the Milky Way; its center and the Milky Way contours.
3) The entire Milky Way band resembles the Cosmic Serpent. (The serpent in the "Garden of Eden")
4) The southern hemisphere Milky Way contour resembles the mythical Great Goddess (and Eve)
5) The northern hemisphere Milky Way contour resembles the mythical Great God (and Adam)
6) The Milky Way contours are mythological described as The Milky Way River, which is running OVER the Earth up in the Sky and not ON the Earth. (the Flood Myth)

There is nothing good or bad in the creation and subsequently there is no divine Flood-revenge either. The creation just is what is and the assumed duality described in these myths just deals with and emphasizes the importance for humans to “following the creation”, instead of going against its natural forces and qualities.

Regarding the "ancient aliens"-business, these are also confused and psychologically inserted into a technical modern time instead of being interpreted as "natural and non personified forces of creation".

Tsurugi's picture

Well said.

I agree there was no "divine flood revenge", but I would say it is fairly clear there was a flood. It just wasn't divine revenge.

Hello Tsurugi,

Naturally there have been many disastrous floods many locations on the Earth throughhout eons.

But the biblical flood has never happend. The MIlky Way River is the biblical/mythical flood which is running OVER the Erth up in the night Sky - and not ON the Earh and all over the Earth.

This interpretative mistake takes only place because humans have largely forgotten that myths of creation deals with real cosmological and astronomical facts described in natural symbols.


Tsurugi's picture

Why do you think the biblical flood is connected to creation myths?


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