Golden sarcophagus from the ancient Egyptian Yuya and Tuya collection.

A Mysterious Mummy in Cairo: The Surprising True Identity of Joseph with the Coat of Many Colors

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Who was the king who appointed Joseph, of the legendary coat of many colors, as his minister? And during which period of Egyptian history did he live?

Since the start of archaeological digging in Egypt more than a hundred and fifty years ago, scholars have been trying to answer these questions. These were questions to which I devoted twenty-five years of my own adult life.

Patriarch Joseph is said in the Bible and the Quran, to have been sold as a slave into Egypt. It was his own brothers who handed him over to a trade caravan, as they became jealous when Jacob, their father, gave him a coat with many colors. An Egyptian official bought the young Hebrew boy and made him overseer over his house, but when the official’s mistress falsely accused Joseph of trying to seduce her, he was sent to prison. Two years later, Joseph was set free by the Pharaoh, who also appointed him as one of his ministers, when he was able to interpret the king’s dream.

Painting depicting a scene in the Biblical myth of Joseph and the Coat of Many Colors. (Public Domain)

Painting depicting a scene in the Biblical myth of Joseph and the Coat of Many Colors. (Public Domain)

Father to Pharaoh

Later, as a result of a famine in the land of Canaan, the story goes that Joseph’s brothers went down to Egypt to buy corn there. Joseph recognized Jacob’s sons when they arrived, but they did not recognize him in his Egyptian costume; he kept his identity secret.

The famine in Canaan persisted, however, and caused Joseph’s half-brothers to return to Egypt on a second corn-buying mission. On this occasion Joseph invited them to have a meal in his house and, in an emotional moment, he revealed his identity to his brothers. They were ashamed of what they had done to him, when they sold him as a slave, but he asked them not to feel any sense of guilt: “For God did send me before you to preserve life, and He has made me a Father to Pharaoh,” he said.

“Father to Pharaoh”! It was this title that attracted my attention. Egyptian officials were usually given the title “Son of Pharaoh,” but “Father to Pharaoh” was a rare title, and only few people had it. Immediately the name of Yuya came to my mind.

Yuya served as a minister and commander of the military Chariots for Amenhotep III (circa 1405-1367 BC) of the 18 th dynasty. Among his many titles, Yuya bore one that was unique to him , it ntr n nb tawi , ‘the holy father of the Lord of the Two Lands’, Pharaoh’s formal title. The reason for Yuya to get this unique title was the fact that the king, Amenhotep III, had married Yuya’s daughter, Tiye, and made her his great wife, the Queen of Egypt.

Joseph and His Brethren Welcomed by Pharaoh. By James Tissot, circa 1903. (Public Domain)

Joseph and His Brethren Welcomed by Pharaoh. By James Tissot, circa 1903. (Public Domain)

Could Joseph the Patriarch and Yuya be one and the same person?

Yuya’s Tomb

The tomb of Yuya and his wife Tuya was found in 1905, three years after Theodore M. Davis had obtained a concession to excavate in the Valley of the Kings. The site of the tomb, the only one in Egypt to be found almost intact before the discovery of Tutankhamun’s seventeen years later, occasioned some surprise.

Outer coffin of Yuya’s mummy. Excavation assistant beside 2.75-meter (9 feet) outer coffin, shortly after excavation, circa 1905. (Public Domain)

Outer coffin of Yuya’s mummy. Excavation assistant beside 2.75-meter (9 feet) outer coffin, shortly after excavation, circa 1905. (Public Domain)

An elaborate box from Yuya and Tjuyu's tomb bearing Amenhotep III's cartouche. (CC BY-SA 2.0)

An elaborate box from Yuya and Tjuyu's tomb bearing Amenhotep III's cartouche. (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Davis provided the money, while the actual work was carried out by British archaeologists. There is a narrow side valley in the Valley of the Kings, about half a mile long, leading up to the mountain. Eight days before Christmas of 1904, James Quibell started the examination of this side valley. A month later, he decided to transfer the men back to the mouth of the side valley, and by February 1 they had exposed the top of a sealed door that blocked the stairwell. Within a few days Davis and his group were able to enter the tomb, in which they found the sarcophagus of Yuya and of his wife, Tuya (or Tjuyu, Thuya), including their mummies.

The mummies of Yuya (left), and to the right, Tuya. (Creative Commons Fair Use)

The mummies of Yuya (left), and to the right, Tuya. (Creative Commons Fair Use)

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Comments

INTERESTING ANCIENT BLACK EGYPTIAN HISTORICAL PRESENTATION WITH FAKE CAUCASOID IMAGES IN EUROPEAN MISLEADING PAINTINGS AND FAKE MUMMY’S WITH SUPPOSEDLY EUROPEAN FACIAL FEATURES AND PHYSIQUES.   EVERYONE KNOWS THAT QUEEN TYE WAS A 100% BLACK QUEEN AND WIFE OF PHARAOH AKHENATEN’S FATHER, AND THAT IF YUYA AND JOSEPH IS SUPPOSEEDLY THE SAME PERSON WHO IS POSSIBLY BLACK QUEEN TIYE’S FATHER, THAT VERIFIES THAT JOSEPH WAS ALSO BLACK SAME AS HIS 100% BLACK EGYPTIAN QUEEN DAUGHTER..   I’VE HEARD THAT THE WHEEL WAS INVENTED BY WHITE EUROPEANS, YET THE ALL BLACK 18TH EGYPTIAN DYNASTY WERE THE FIRST TO USE CHARIOTS IN THE MILITARY SEVERAL CENTURIES BEFORE THERE WAS EVEN A GREECE/ROME ERA.  ONE MUST REALIZE THAT ANCIENT BLACK EGYPTIANS CAME FROM WHERE THE FIRST NILE BEGAN, AND WHERE GOD HAPI DWELL, AT THE FOOTHILLS OF THE MOUNTAIN OF THE MOON, ACCORDING TO THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN “BOOK OF THE DEAD” WHICH WAS APPROVED BY ALL OF THE ANCIENT BLACK EGYPTIAN PRIESTS….  hunefer papyrus             THERE ARE ONLY TWO MOUNTAINS IN ALL OF AFRICA REFERRED TO AS MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON, AND THEY ARE THE KILAMANJARO IN TANGAYIKA, AND THE RWEZORI IN UGANDA, AND THEY ARE BOTH LOCATED IN THE GREAT LAKES AREA IN EAST CENTRAL AFRICA WHERE THE FIRST NILE RIVER (WHITE NILE), AND WHERE GOD HAPI WAS SAID TO HAVE DWELLED, AND WHERE THE BLACK AFRICAN ART OF “LIPOMBO” ELONGATION OF THE SKULL INTO A “CONE SHAPE” WAS PRACTIED TO DISTINGUISH BLACK ROYAL LEADERS FROM COMMON PEOPLE.  THIS PRACTICE WAS NEVER PRACTICED AMONG THE RULERS OF ASIATIC/EUROPEAN TRIBES AND MONARCHY’S...

Charles Bowles

Why are you shouting? Text in all caps is not only difficult to read, it appears as though you are shouting at your readers.

Do you realise this article is about Egypt? European people are not the only ones described as "caucasoid". People in other parts of the world can look similar.

ACCORDING TO WHITE EUROPEANS, ALL ANCIENT BLACK CIVILIZATIONS ARE SO CALL “CAUCASOID”, WHETHER IT BE EGYPTIANS, ETHIOPIANS, CARTHAGINIANS, SOMALIANS, CANAANITES, BLACK SUMERIANS, BLACK OLMEC’S, BLACK THAI MANI’S, BLACK PHILIPPINE ATES (NEGRITOS), BLACK PACIFIC ISLANDERS SUCH AS (PNG) PAPUA NEW GUINEA,  BLACK JARAWAS OF THE INDIAN ANDAMAN/NICOBAR ISLANDS, JAPANESE BLACK AINU’S, CHINESE JOMONS, ANCIENT PEOPLE OF ETRURIA, AND EVEN BLACK HANIBAL BARCA ETC ETC…...INTELLIGENT PEOPLE DON’T ACCEPT WHITE FOLKS DESCRIPTION OF PEOPLE BEING CAUASOID….LATER PAL

Charles Bowles

El Del,  Also just like Europeans are not the only people described as Caucasoids, NOR ARE AFRICANS THE ONLY PEOPLE DESCRIBED AS NEGROIDS..   There were Negroid people who originated on all the earths continents such as the Olmecs of Mexico, Jarawas of India, Mani’s of Thailand, NEGRITOS “Ate’s of Philippines, Aborigines of Australia, Molucca’s of Indonesia, Orang Asli of Malaysia, JUST TO NAME A FEW… Education 101A       lol

Charles Bowles

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