Anasazi Indian ruins - Mesa Verde,Colorado,USA

Did West Africans live in Four Corners Region of the United States from 12th Century?

(Read the article on one page)

William James Veall in Sea-Farers from the Levant: Do Ancient Inscriptions Rewrite History of the Americas? - Part 2, published in Ancient Origins, provides a detailed discussion of the Mande inscriptions found in South America left by Abubakari and his followers along the coast. It also appears that some of the Malians who explored the Americas with King Abubakari of Mali, also settled in the Four Corners area of the American Southwest, where they left numerous inscriptions, and may have built some of the cliff dwellings found in the area.

Around A.D. 1310, thousands of West Africans arrived in the Americas from ancient Mali.  Ibn Fadlullah al- Umari, in his encyclopedia "Masalik al Absar", said that mariners from Mali during the reign of Abubakari made transatlantic voyages.  Al-Umari, obtained his information from Mansa Musa, 
who was handed the kingship of Mali by Abubakari when he set out to colonize the Americas.

The 'Voyager King' Mansa Abubakari II - Africa's Greatest Explorer

The 'Voyager King' Mansa Abubakari II - Africa's Greatest Explorer ( muslimnewsmagazine.tv)

Mansa Musa, said that Mansa Abubakari would not believe that it was impossible to discover the limits of the neighboring sea (the Atlantic). Musa, told al-Umari: "so he sent out 200 ships equipped and filled with men and the same number filled with gold, water and enough food to last them for years. Muhammad Abubakari, commanded that the captain not return until the supplies were exhausted".

After sometime, according to Mansa Musa, a single ship returned and the captain was ordered to report his findings. "Prince", he replied "we sailed for a long time up to the moment when we encountered in mid-Ocean something like a river with a violent current. My ship was last. The others sailed on...they disappeared and did not come back".

"But the Emperor [Abubakari] did not believe him", continued Musa, "He equipped two thousand vessels, a thousand for himself, and a thousand for water and supplies. He conferred power on me [Mansa Musa] and left with his companions on the ocean".

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget, from the 1375 Catalan Atlas

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget, from the 1375 Catalan Atlas ( public domain )

The expeditionary force of Mansa Abubakari, must have been immense, because the average boat on the Niger, in the 1500's A.D., could carry 80 men. This means that anywhere between 25,000 to 80,000 men may have sailed from Mali along with Mansa Abubakari.

The mention of a violent current in mid-ocean by Abubakari's captain may refer to the Atlantic Ocean currents, which can carry a boat from Africa to the Americas.

We can hypothesize that Abubakari and his expeditionary force probably left the city of Niani, by canoe and traveled down the Niger to the Gulf of Guinea. From here the expeditionary force was probably carried by the Guinea Current out into the Atlantic where it met the South Equatorial Current. The South Equatorial Current carried the Mali explorers to South America.

The South Equatorial Current probably took Abubakari’s expedition across the Atlantic to Brazil

The South Equatorial Current probably took Abubakari’s expedition across the Atlantic to Brazil ( public domain )

Abubakari's ships would not be the last vessels to be carried to Brazil. For example, in 1500, Alvares Cabral's ship was captured by the North Equatorial Current and swiftly taken to Brazil.

There were many African communities found by the Spanish in the Southern part of the United States and Florida (1-2).  Arnaiz-Villena et al (3) and other researchers have suggested that Sub-Saharan Africans (SSA) were among the first Americans (4-8).  Spanish explorers found Sub-Saharan Africans already in Mexico when they arrived (3-4). In addition, to reports of the First Spanish Chronicles eyewitness accounts of SSA populations in the Caribbean, and Mexico anthropologists have found SSA skeletons at Pre-Columbian sites (8-15). Some of the ancient Maya may have been SSA, because ancient Mayan skeletal remains indicate that they suffered from sickle cell anemia (11).

Quatrefages speaks of black men who penetrated to the American southwest while other Africans migrated into Southern California (2). And as late as 1775, Father Francisco Garces discovered a race of Black men, clearly African, residing in a community beside the Zuni Indians in New Mexico. According to Quatrefages the two races spoke different languages. 

In 1528, the Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca and Estevanico the Moor (Blackman) from Azamor discovered numerous people living in the American Southwest as they sought to discover the Seven Cities of Cibola. The Seven Cities of Cibola were supposed to be centers where fantastic amounts of gold could be found. 

In what is now known as Four Corners region where the states of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona come together at a common point the Anasazi tilled the earth and even irrigated their crops, and stored some of the harvest for later use. 

Comments

I don't know but I always have the feeling that there's a lot of wishfull thinking in this so called 'Black Studies' and 'Black History'... First Egypt or rather 'Kemet' supposedly only had 'black' pharao's and now the America's....
I mean.., what's next? Did the Ethopians go to Mars 400 years before the US, the EU or Japan sent unmanned missions there?

you do realize Egypt is in Africa and Africans are the oldest ppl in the world .

You do realise that Africa is made up of many different races.

So calling somebody an "African" is just like saying someone is an "American." it tells us nothing of who or what their background is.

You do realize that 'whites' stem from Africans as well?!

I don’t believe it’s wishful thinking Abracadabra. The Smithsonian would have us believe history is linear and not cyclical. The Smithsonian HIDES and DESTROYS evidence as a matter of course.

The Olmec heads of the Yacutan area definitely have negroid features. It’s undeniable. Cabeza de Vaca didn’t just make stuff up either. The black race was sailing the seas long before Columbus ever dreamed of getting lost... I mean sailing! The Chinese were also in the America’s. Round stone anchors have been found along the coast of California which are of ancient Chinese design. Some of the South American Peruvian culture exhibit Asian features too, up to and including the style of their music. 

I'm not saying it's impossible that a ship or some ships from Africa (or other parts of the world) could have made it to the America's but first a fleet of 200 and then a fleet of 2000.... You know... the Europeans only with a couple of ships were able to colonize - step by step - the east coast of what's now the US. And more or less the same happened with the Spanish in the west and the French in the south and Canada. OK, they had fire-arms but still....
And every time in the past I saw the Olmec stone heads I thought of them being the heads of a little obese Olmec 'indians'/natives. I don't see these heads being African.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

 “Cadmus Slays the Dragon” by Hendrik Goltzius. The Greek myth of Cadmus fighting the serpent may be an allegory for the discovery of the Amazon River. In various accounts, the snake is instead referred to as a dragon or serpent.
The ancient Greek myth of Cadmus battling a snake could be an allegory for the discovery of the Amazon River, said Dr. Enrico Mattievich, a retired professor of physics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in Brazil. Mattievich wrote a book titled “Journey to the Mythological Inferno” in 2011, exploring connections between Greek myths and South American geographical and historical sites.

Myths & Legends

 “Cadmus Slays the Dragon” by Hendrik Goltzius. The Greek myth of Cadmus fighting the serpent may be an allegory for the discovery of the Amazon River. In various accounts, the snake is instead referred to as a dragon or serpent.
The ancient Greek myth of Cadmus battling a snake could be an allegory for the discovery of the Amazon River, said Dr. Enrico Mattievich, a retired professor of physics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in Brazil. Mattievich wrote a book titled “Journey to the Mythological Inferno” in 2011, exploring connections between Greek myths and South American geographical and historical sites.

Ancient Places

El Caracol Observatory at Chichen Itza (Wright Reading/CC BY-NC 2.0) and Composite 3D laser scan image of El Caracol from above
In 1526, the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Montejo arrived on the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico and found most of the great Maya cities deeply eroded and unoccupied. Many generations removed from the master builders, engineers, and scientists who conceived and built the cities, the remaining Maya they encountered had degenerated into waring groups who practiced blood rituals and human sacrifice.

Opinion

El Caracol Observatory at Chichen Itza (Wright Reading/CC BY-NC 2.0) and Composite 3D laser scan image of El Caracol from above
In 1526, the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Montejo arrived on the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico and found most of the great Maya cities deeply eroded and unoccupied. Many generations removed from the master builders, engineers, and scientists who conceived and built the cities, the remaining Maya they encountered had degenerated into waring groups who practiced blood rituals and human sacrifice.

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article