Urraca the Reckless: How Did a Child Bride Unify a Kingdom?
Feminine, inspiring, and powerful – these three words could be sufficient to describe the queen whose rule transformed the position of women in medieval courts. Her original stamp on society is felt until now. Her fame has continued since the 12th century. Who was this remarkable woman whose story keeps its unique sparkle among the tales of the other female rulers of Leon, Castile, and Galicia?
Urraca remains one of the most famous women of medieval Spain. Her incredible skills and unusual talents, blended with a unique personality, allowed her to become more famous than most of the women of her times. She was born in 1079 AD and lived for only 47 years, however, her short life influenced the history of Iberia in a remarkable way.
Urraca, The Dutiful Young Princess
Her life started in Burgos, where she was born the first child of Alfonso VI of Leon. Her mother was Constance of Burgundy, and although the couple had more children, Urraca was the only one who was able to survive childhood. She received the best available education and due to the possibility that she would have to be the ruler for some time, she was allowed to study more like a man than a woman.
- The Spanish Inquisition: The Truth behind the Dark Legend (Part I)
- Who is Buried in the Famous Shrine of St James in Santiago de Compostela?
- Secret Hidden Under Galician Soil: What Happened to the Castle de Rocha Forte?
Statue of Alfonso VI of Castile, By Francisco Javier Martín Fernández. ( CC BY 2.0 )
Urraca got married for political purposes in 1087 AD, at the age of only eight years old. She married Raymond of Burgundy, but of course, she was nothing like a real wife. It seems that the marriage was consummated when she was over the age of 13. Although it was a political marriage, she gave birth to two children, a girl, and a boy. Sadly, Raymond died in 1107 AD and she became the most famous widow of her times. Many noblemen wanted to marry her.
However, by reading between the lines of the texts related to the history of Urraca, we can also see a woman who was self-confident and aware of her power and beauty. It seems that Urraca was considered a very attractive woman, not only because of her royal roots.
According to some resources, like historian Compostelana, Urraca was modest and prudent. She had a strong intuition, and she knew how to use her feminine charm to achieve her goals. Does it mean that she was a medieval femme fatale? Not at all. It seems that being aware of her advantages and personal charm as a woman, she created a unique style in diplomacy. During her lifetime, she continued the politics of her father, but she added a sensitive charm, that became the sign of her style in politics.
Urraca as An Independent Monarch
When her first husband died, the noblemen started to compete for her hand. Sadly, before the right candidate could marry Urraca, Alfonso VI died. His demise is believed to have taken place between June 29th and July 1st, 1109 AD. The kingdom couldn't stay without a ruler, so the 30-year-old Urraca became queen. Following this, she reluctantly married Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre, but she wasn't happy about it. Urraca had protested against the marriage with this man, but knowing that it was a will of her father, she finally accepted it after his death.
Urraca’s husband, Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre, by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz. ( Public Domain )
She wasn't the only one who didn't appreciate the marriage with Alfonso I. The news about the wedding ignited rebellions in Galicia. An impressive number of nobles from Leon, Castile, and Galicia were against the marriage. However, the Galician rebellion was so huge that Alfonso I decided to go to Galicia with his army and attack the Monterroso Castle in 1110. Urraca didn't approve of this idea, but it wasn't her only problem with husband. During the same year, she accused him of physical abuse and left him. Her position as a queen and politician was strong enough to not need support from a man, but it is known that she had at least two lovers and she had two children with one of them.