Sobeknefru, Powerful Pharaoh and Queen of the Dragon Court

Sobeknefru, Powerful Pharaoh and Queen of the Dragon Court

(Read the article on one page)

Named after the crocodile God Sobek, Sobeknefru, whose name means ‘she who shows the beauty of Sobek’, succeeded her brother to the throne of Egypt. At the time she came to power, the cult of Sobek had prominence in Egyptian society and following her example many of the pharaohs of the 13 th Dynasty felt it incumbent to take the name Sobek. Who was this God? 

Sobek was associated with the Nile crocodile and is either represented in its reptile form or as a human with a crocodile head. Sobek was also associated with power, fertility, and military prowess, but served additionally as a fiercely protective deity, which was invoked particularly for protection against the dangers presented by the Nile River. He gained ascendance through the myth that linked him to Isis and Osiris, when he helped the Goddess retrieve her husband’s dismembered body parts.

Wall relief of Sobek, Kom Ombo Temple, Egypt

Wall relief of Sobek, Kom Ombo Temple, Egypt ( Wikimedia Commons )

His cult was established in Faiyum Region, with its capital Sheddet (translated Crocodilopolis) devoted to the care and worship of the god, and of the crocodiles raised in the temple as reincarnations of the deity.

One of the most important benefactors the cult of Sobek had was Amenemhat III, Sobeknefru’s father. He had taken a particular interest in Faiyum and in Sobek and so the area blossomed with many new building projects. Sobeknefru would have grown up around the priesthood of the Deity and perhaps Sobek was her personal favourite of the pantheon. When her brother died, the priesthood of Sobek backed her claim to the throne, as Amenemhat IV had no sons.

Glazed steatite cylinder seal of Sobeknefru

Glazed steatite cylinder seal of Sobeknefru ( British Museum )

What we know from Sobeknefru’s reign is that she extended the labyrinth that her father had begun in the Faiyum Oasis—this labyrinth was used as a model for the one in Crete, hinting that perhaps there was an initiation ceremony in both countries that was turned into myth later.

Unfortunately, not much else is known about her reign as there is little evidence, unlike Hatshepsut. Archaeologists have not found her tomb (though a pyramid in Dashur may be hers) and so all we have are five statues, several beads, scarabs and seals bearing her name. Other evidence comes in the form of Manetho's text; in the Turin Canon, the Karnak, Turin and Sakkara king lists and a Nile inundation record. She is listed at the mortuary Temple of her father, Amenemhat III which she completed. Surprisingly (or not) her name appears many times at the temple, whereas her brother’s name is absent.

A headless statue of Sobekneferu in the Louvre

A headless statue of Sobekneferu in the Louvre ( public domain )

Sobeknefereu was the first known female Pharaoh for which there is confirmed proof, and she is known to have had a prosperous, though brief, reign. Some have claimed that she is the Egyptian Princess who rescued Moses and that he was Amenemhat IV, forced to flee when he killed the Egyptian. When he left and Amenemhat III died, she would have taken the throne. Considering her father’s patronage of the cult of Sobek and the care of the holy crocodiles, it is reasonable to suggest that is why the babies were given to them as a method of population control.

It may be surprising that her influence is found in certain families who have claimed descent from her, namely: the Dragon (or Sacred Crocodile) Court, which operated concurrently with the Serpent Cult and the Mystery Schools. It was said to have been founded by the priest-prince Ankhfn Khonso, though it was Sobeknefru who established it as a Pharaonic institution.

MORE:

What were the changes wrought by this merging of belief and politics? For starters, Pharaohs were anointed with Sacred Crocodile (Messeh) fat when they were crowned, referred to in Egypt as the Holy Mesa, which became the Aramaic Mashih, which in its verb form is MeSHeH or ‘to anoint’.

This lead to the early Kings being called ‘Dragons’, ‘Mesas’ or ‘Messiahs’. This practice may have begun in Mesopotamia, but it was Sobeknefru who instituted it in Egypt, which was then adopted by the High Kings of Israel and Judea. Jesus, as a Messiah, would have been anointed with the fat of the Messeh by his Priestess-Wife, as did his ancestors which were of the Davidic line.

The belief in the conception of a Messeh without sexual union did not begin with Jesus, but with the Goddess Isis, who conceived Horus with the aid of Sobek who helped her retrieve her husband, though with one key body part missing. The Egyptians believed cosmic forces intervened in the impregnation under the patronage of the crocodile star. We find it in spell 148 of the coffin text:

Comments

Dragon Queen of the White Brotherhood is the full title...because Ariyans are the original "egyptians". Also, Jesus would have been annotated with another ointment containing kanen bosm (cannabis).

Whenever I think of Egypt I can't stop thinking of greatness associated with Africa at large.However with all that ancient powerhouse of knowledge the current Africa continent remain to be a shadow of what it early inhabitants if not ancestors destined it to.The ancient Egypt shaped the current world in all angles of influence,how I hope that Africa we one day rise anew and act anew to reclaim what is rightfully hers.

Nml1865

Looking forward to being part of this community.

Just glad to have found this site and looking forward to updates.

Roberto Peron's picture

Isn’t it funny how so many things had their origins in Egypt?  Or maybe not.

 

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Myths & Legends

A vase-scene from about 410 BC. Nimrod/Herakles, wearing his fearsome lion skin headdress, spins Noah/Nereus around and looks him straight in the eye. Noah gets the message and grimaces, grasping his scepter, a symbol of his rule - soon to be displaced in the post-Flood world by Nimrod/Herakles, whose visage reveals a stern smirk.
The Book of Genesis describes human history. Ancient Greek religious art depicts human history. While their viewpoints are opposite, the recounted events and characters match each other in convincing detail. This brief article focuses on how Greek religious art portrayed Noah, and how it portrayed Nimrod in his successful rebellion against Noah’s authority.

Human Origins

Cro-Magnon man communicating with each other and producing cave drawings
How human language began has been a question pestering researchers for centuries. One of the biggest issues with this topic is that empirical evidence is still lacking despite our great advances in...

Ancient Technology

The School of Athens
Much of modern science was known in ancient times. Robots and computers were a reality long before the 1940´s. The early Bronze Age inhabitants of the Levant used computers in stone, the Greeks in the 2nd century BC invented an analogue computer known as the Antikythera mechanism. An ancient Hindu book gives detailed instructions for the construction of an aircraft –ages before the Wright brothers. Where did such knowledge come from?

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article