Elizabeth Bathory

Elizabeth Bathory – 16th century deranged serial killer or victim of betrayal?

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Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed (Báthory Erzsébet in Hungarian) is recorded as being one of the most prolific serial killers in history, as documented by her entry in the Guinness Book of Records, and is estimated to have brutally tortured and killed between 80 and 650 young women between 1585 and 1610.  She was imprisoned in 1610 within Csejte Castle, now in Slovakia, where she remained immured in a set of rooms until her death four years later.  The gruesome tale of Elizabeth Bathory has become part of national folklore and the subject of numerous plays, books, and movies. She is often compared with Vlad III the Impaler of Wallachia, on whom the fictional Count Dracula is partly based, and has become known as The Blood Countess. But in recent years, the truth behind these tales has been brought into question and some scholars now argue that Elizabeth Báthory was no murderer, but rather the victim of political betrayal.

Elizabeth Báthory (1560 – 1614 AD) was a countess from the renowned Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary and cousin of the Hungarian noble Stefan Báthory, King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Duke of Transylvania. She was born on a family estate in Nyírbátor, Hungary, and spent her childhood at Ecsed Castle.

Official portrait of Erzsébet Báthory

Copy of the lost 1585 official portrait of Erzsébet Báthory. Image source: Wikipedia

At the age of 15, Elizabeth was married to Ferenc Nádasdy, the son of Baron, in what was likely a political arrangement within the circles of the aristocracy. Nádasdy's wedding gift to Báthory was his home, Csejte Castle.  However, only three years after their marriage, Nádasdy became the chief commander of Hungarian troops, leading them to war against the Ottomans, and in 1604, Ferenc died at the age of 48, reportedly due to an unknown illness or a battle wound. During the war, and after Ferenc’s death, Elizabeth was left to run the Nádasdy estate, including management of its defence, business affairs, and upkeep, which would have been no easy task. It was during these years that Elizabeth was said to have gone on a brutal killing spree.

Legends of the Blood Countess

The first account of Elizbeth Báthory’s killing spree appeared in 1729 (more than a century after her death) in the book ‘Tragica Historia’ by Jesuit scholar László Turóczi.  According to Turóczi, Elizabeth would kidnap young peasant women from the nearby town or lure them to the castle with the promise of well-paid work, and would subsequently torture them to death through severe beatings, burning, mutilation, biting, freezing, or starving. She was then said to have ordered her slaves to gather their blood in buckets and fill a bath so that she could bathe in the blood of virgins to retain her youth.

Since this first publication, rumours and stories spread quickly throughout the country and abroad. Elizabeth was ascribed with vampire-like tendencies and was said to have bitten her victims and drunk their blood.  The stories of her serial murders and brutality are said to have been verified by the testimony of more than 300 witnesses and survivors as well as physical evidence and the presence of horribly mutilated dead, dying and imprisoned girls found at the time of her arrest.

There are many conflicting accounts regarding the number of women Elizabeth Báthory is said to have murdered. But according to another popular story, one witness reported that  Báthory had a book where she kept a list of over 650 victims. The location of this supposed diary is unknown.

 Elizabeth Bathory used to bathe in the blood of virgins

Popular legends say that Elizabeth Bathory used to bathe in the blood of virgins to remain youthful. Image credit: DrawingNightmare/deviant art

Investigation and arrest

Before dying, Elizabeth’s husband, Ferenc, entrusted his widow to György Thurzó, the Palatine of Hungary, who would eventually lead the investigation into Elizabeth's alleged crimes.

After rumours of Báthory's atrocities had spread through the kingdom, Thurzó ordered two notaries to collect evidence in March 1610, which supposedly included testimony from more than 300 witnesses (records actually show thirteen witnesses). In December 1610, Thurzó went to Csejte Castle and arrested Báthory. But he was faced with a dilemma – a trial and execution would have caused a public scandal and disgraced a noble and influential family, and Elizabeth's considerable property would have been seized by the crown.  Thurzó successfully convinced King Matthias that bringing Elizabeth to trial would negatively affect the nobility, so the trial was abandoned and instead Báthory was imprisoned in Čachtice Castle. She was kept bricked up in a windowless room, with only small slits left open for ventilation and the passing of food. She remained there for four years, until her death on 24 August, 1614.

Comments

Keep fooling yourselves. So the tons of researchers and journalists who have delved into the story are lying? Like I said, keep deceiving yourself

It certainly is possible that she was a victim of political intrigue. I never heard the facts about the Imperial family owing her money but, if true, it sounds much like the Knights Templar and King Philip who owed them huge amounts of money.

I’ve never believed all the tales as 650 girls going missing in such a short period of time if it happened it would certainly cause enough rumors that they would have been recorded somewhere. I’m not denying that she might have been guilty of some murders and may even have bathed in their blood, but the numbers would have to be much lower than those reported. But, as the article states, there was no trial so, unless documents showup, hidden in some castle or something, we can’t know the truth.

I guess it's safe to say that this is actually a valid history lesson that the whole situation sounds eerily similar to GamerGate today where Elizabeth Bathory can be easily compared to the Zoe Quinn of the 16th century as if nothing's really changed once you think about it...

Even in this day in age women are viewed with suspicion if they are successful, own a business, have wealth etc. The minion hoards will come out and say anything they want, write it up, claim its the official story, forge signatures, write incomplete accident reports, ask witnesses to omit favorable parts of what they saw happen, file false accusations, etc. For those who have had this happen, they know what a twilight zone of a nightmare this can be; intimidation, harassment, false complaints, attempts to frame, use of children against the parent etc etc We should trust our instincts about these things and all shadowy things leading up to these incidents. Also be aware that these groups participate in stalking and mobbing rings. Short of killing which they will do if they have to, their aim is to steal a business/wealth, what ever the physcopath wants to take. They will go as far as tell their buddies not to hire- "its political" was all one would say. From there its easy to piece it all together to see it for what it really is/was. And that is basically why and how income inequality exists, and advancement is prevented. All fraternal orders by their very nature exist for that reason alone, but one by one they do fall, and do so disgracefully; when their corruption becomes all too obvious. Time and internet can be very cathartic.

The English wiki is correct, of course you Hungarians would want to LIE and cover it up

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