Spagyric Secrets of The Alchemists: Alchemy as Alternative Medicine
Even the best read of us sometimes come up against a word which needs a quick check in the dictionary, and Spagyric is one of those words. To discover the origins and magical meaning of this ancient word we must go back to 332 BC, at a time when Alexander the Great had just conquered Egypt. Therein lie the seeds of Spagyrics.
The Alchemical Arts
The alchemical arts have been described as everything from astrology to conjuring, and even diabolism, but this multi-disciplinary practice can be thought of collectively as proto-scientific exploration. Different versions of this ancient philosophy were developed in Europe, Africa, India, and Asia. In ancient China, Taoist monks pursued the outer and inner elixirs using exercise techniques like Qigong, believing they could manipulate the male and female properties of the perceived “life force” known as Chi. In ancient India alchemists invented steel long before scientists Bunsen and Kirchhoff noticed the importance of flame color in the identification of metals.
Alchemy in China involved metallurgical experimentation with attempts to balance perceived the male and female energies. ( China.org.cn)
Arab scholars brought Alchemy to Europe in the 8th Century via their schools of learning in Spain and advances led to the manufacture of new amalgams and a refinement of the lab apparatus required to make them. By the 16th Century, alchemists in Europe had developed new compounds through the manipulation of the four elements through proto scientific experimentation, which led to what is now chemistry, but underlying their works were deep metaphysical and philosophical concepts such as the highly-esoteric disciplines of Kabbala, tarot, and astrology.
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Mandala illustrating common alchemical concepts, symbols, and processes. From Spiegel der Kunst und Natur. ( Public Domain )
Hiding Formulas in Symbols
Complicated symbolism was developed to conceal the alchemists secret formulas, for example, green lions, 7 headed dragons and dual sexed people all represented chemical procedures and compounds. The abyss of alchemical symbolism veils a rich matrix of ancient archetypal concepts and essentially alchemists aimed to “purify, mature, and perfect certain objects,” as we were told in Paul-Jacques Malouin’s 1751 Encyclopedia of Alchemy.
‘The Alchemist.’ (1640-1650) by David Teniers the Younger. ( Public Domain )
European alchemists aimed to bring about “change” in both outer and inner worlds. Regarded as being causal to both was the creation of a Philosopher’s Stone - which was allegorical for the alchemist achieving “a state of mind” which was prepared and ready to be enlightened. In the temporal world, the “stone” was connected with “chrysopoeia” - the transmutation of base metals into more valuable noble metals. Alchemists also attempted to create an “elixir of immortality” able to cure any disease, the perfection of the human body and soul was closely associated with the alchemical “magnum opus,” and “the work” was believed to lead to and resulted from, gnosis.
Historians have recounted many stories of alchemists known as “puffers” who duped princes and kings with the promise of turning their lead into gold, and the legendary quest to find, or create, a Philosophers Stone has been played out in modern movies like the Harry Potter series. Underlying these “iconic” alchemical tales, however, is an arena of research which goes by the name Spagyrics.
The Alchemist in Search of the Philosophers Stone. (1771) By Joseph Wright of Derby. ( Public Domain )
The ‘heretical' Paracelsus stated “the true purpose of alchemy was not for the vulgar purpose of gold making, but rather for the production of medicines” and in his book Liber Paragranum he wrote that “nature in itself was 'raw and unfinished', and man had the God-given task to evolve things to a higher level.” Spagyrics was the alchemical elevator, if you like.
Page from alchemic treatise, 16th century. ( Public Domain )
The word Spagyrics is of Greek origin from the word ‘spao’ = I collect and ‘ageiro’ - I extract. Spagyrics were old alchemical herbal preparations which required the alchemists to take raw plants which had been identified as holding healing properties and turn them it into more potent forms - effectively amplifying the plants curative effects. Using very simple lab equipment, alchemists first extracted the salt, alcohol and essential oil from plants, which was regarded as purification. Then, these properties were ‘re-bound’ with the leftover plant matter, making preparations that were considered as being far more spiritually charged.
Spagyric production depended on the manipulation of the three mythologized substances that alchemists believed made up everything: salt, mercury, and sulphur -which translated to the minerals and salts representing ‘body’, the essential oils and organic acids being ‘soul,’ and alcohol was its ‘spirit’. Let’s now look at the spagyric process, in which we learn about the aims of alchemists.