Tzolkin section in the Dresden Codex, starting from the day 1, Manik'.

Sacred Calendars and New Years: Cycles of Time and Ages

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Detail; Fabric Hindu calendar/almanac corresponding to Western years 1871-1872. From Rajasthan in India.

Detail; Fabric Hindu calendar/almanac corresponding to Western years 1871-1872. From Rajasthan in India. ( Public Domain )

The current Kali Yuga is believed to be a period of darkness and despair, when the more materialistic and greed-based goals of humanity threaten to push the species to the brink of extinction. The Kali Yuga is considered the final World Age, a time of negativity and destruction.

The Theravada Buddhist “Visuddhimagga” mentions a 64-world cycle that periodically cleanses the planet and destroys humanity. The 64-world cycle is divided into eight cycles of destruction – seven by fire and one by water, which repeat seven times. The eighth cycle is a final apocalypse of devastating winds. Then, the entire 64-cycle begins again.

Novelty Theory

A common element of all of these cycles of time is the notion of time acceleration. The speeding up of time, as it corresponds to the awakening of human consciousness, is a shared concept when discussing such diverse topics as information theory, singularity and novelty within living systems. Novelty Theory seeks to calculate the rate of novelty, or newness, in the universe as it relates to time. It has some basic tenets including:

1)The Universe is a living system with a teleological attractor at the end of time that drives the increase and conservation of complexity in material forms. The word "teleological" is derived from the Greek word telos, meaning end or purpose.

2)Novelty and complexity increase over time, in a snowball effect, despite repeated setbacks.

3)The human brain represents the pinnacle of complex organization in the known universe.

4)That as complexity and sophistication of human thought and culture increase, universal novelty approaches a Koch curve of infinite, exponential growth. That in the time immediately prior to and during this omega point (singularity) of infinite novelty, anything and everything the human mind can conceive will occur simultaneously.

Ancient Understandings and Path of the Future

Perhaps our new cycles of time will be measured by our collective level of consciousness, rather than the passage of days, weeks, months and years. As we come closer to the point of infinite knowledge, perhaps time might even cease to exist in a linear fashion at all. Then, we will have achieved a new beginning, not just of a cycle, but also of humanity itself.

Marie D. Jones and Larry Flaxman are authors of the book Viral Mythology: How the Truth of the Ancients Was Encoded and Passed Down Through Legend, Art, and Architecture ”. Find out more at and

Featured image: Tzolkin section in the Dresden Codex, starting from the day 1, Manik'. (Lacambalam / CC BY-SA 4.0 )

By Marie D. Jones and Larry Flaxman


“The Singularity is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology,” Ray Kurzweil. Penguin Books, 2006.
“2013: End of Days Or a New Beginning,” Marie D. Jones. New Page Books, 2007.
“Novelty Theory: Terence McKenna”. 2015. [Online] Available at:

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