Hygeia - The Serpent Priestesses

The Serpent Priestesses and Ancient Sexual Rites

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Women robed in scarlet sheaths, conducting rituals associated with serpents away from prying eyes, serving Innana, the Goddess of Love, Fertility and War. The color of their clothes was symbolic of their power, but why was blood, particularly their menstrual blood, deemed powerful?  Was it merely in acknowledgement of new life that the womb brings forth? Or were there specific uses for that blood?

Blood has been a part of rites and rituals in many religions, stretching back to the dawn of man. Jesus himself claimed there was power in the blood—but why? What is it about this nutrient rich fluid that held the ancients enthralled?

What Western society has viewed as evil in the form of Woman and the Serpent was once viewed with the utmost veneration, the two bestowing wisdom and longevity on all who partook of their essences. The Priestesses wore robes of scarlet, the color signifying the source of their power, and were titled ‘Hor’ (or in Greek Hierodulai), or ‘beloved ones’, having influence on the Kings and dignitaries in the lands they chose to settle. They did not enter into marriage for life, but rather would have children with different Kings and powerful men, securing alliances and protection for their children. It was perhaps this attitude towards marriage that resulted in the meaning of ‘Hor’ becoming what we know today (Whore) and the association of the color scarlet being associated with sexual licentiousness and sin, as exemplified in the book ‘The Scarlet Letter’. 

Contrary to claims that the priestesses engaged in ritual prostitution, it is more likely that they were in control of their choices of bed-mates along with the high priestess engaging in the ritual re-enactment of the sacred marriage between Dumuzi and Innana with a young man of her choice once a year on the Spring Equinox. The tales of Innana make it very clear she was not shy in picking lovers and promoting them to Kingship and her priestesses would have followed her example.

The marriage of Inanna and Dumuzi, reproduction of a Sumerian sculpture

The marriage of Inanna and Dumuzi, reproduction of a Sumerian sculpture. Public Domain

From Sumer to Cambodia Kings enacted a ritual visitation with a Goddess (in many countries depicted as a serpent or half-fish) with the threat of destruction to the kingdom should the King fail in his duty. This Sacred Marriage also conferred legitimacy on their reign. According to  Samuel Noah Kramer  in The Sacred Marriage Rite,  in late Sumerian history (end of the third millennium) kings established their legitimacy by taking the place of Dumuzi in the temple for one night on the tenth day of the New Year festival.   Gilgamesh is reputed to have refused marriage to Inanna, on the grounds of her misalliance with such kings as  Lugalbanda and Damuzi.

One example of a priestess known to us as a ‘whore’ would be Rahab, who held a position of influence in Jericho and brokered an agreement with Joshua that she and her family would be spared. A scarlet thread was tied outside her window so his men would know to spare the occupants of the room. She then became one of the ancestresses of King David.  One gets a sense reading about these women in the Bible that there is a grudging respect afforded them, an acknowledgement of who they were intermingled with the desire to classify them as ‘fallen women’.

Painting depicting Rahab of Jericho and the scarlet thread

Painting depicting Rahab of Jericho and the scarlet thread. 17 th Century. Public Domain

As emissaries of the Serpent Cult, the women certainly held their own in forming alliances with powerful men and establishing lines of descent. But what about within their own society? Why was their blood revered by those who shared the same lineage?  Innana was a member of the Sumerian Pantheon, along with Ninkhursag, Enki, and others identified as part of the Serpent Cult.  So the Priestesses originated within Sumerian or Annunaki society.  There are many books devoted to the subject of the Annunaki and it is possible through them to understand the rituals of the Priestesses and their place in Annunaki society.

A version of the ancient Mesopotamian eight-pointed star symbol of the goddess Ishtar/Inanna

A version of the ancient Mesopotamian eight-pointed star symbol of the goddess Ishtar/Inanna. Public Domain

 The Annunaki were practitioners in hormonal therapy and during battle the soldiers would drink the blood of their fallen comrades, which provided them with a much needed energy boost and rehydration.  Ordinarily the Annunaki imbibed the Priestesses’ menstrual blood which they believed was full of nutrients and contained an essence that not only lengthened their lives but also brought them to a higher state of consciousness.


Katrina Sisowath's picture

You are right about Prince Henry being the Grand Master of the Knights of Christ. Baigent and Leigh are not the only authors to claim Christopher Colubus sailed under the Templar Cross, Luis Filipe Oliveiro says the same in The Crusade, An Encyclopedia, though he specifies that when the Templars became the Knights of Christ under the authority of the portuguese king, they altered the cross with minor modifications, but kept the archives and diverted their attention from banking into maritime endeavours.

What gets interesting is the enigma of Columbus himself. In this text you will find evidence that says he was in fact Salvador Fernandes Zarco, grandson of a navigator (also a Knight of Christ, like Columbus's father-in-law) and it was Zarco himself, a Knight of Christ, who was the navigator. This same text says there were Italians aboard as well, two brothers.


(it is a translated document, hence some of the text and grammar being a little odd)

Katrina Sisowath

As far as knowing how many of what nationality were on Colmubus' ships, I've never seen anyone cite that. If you have a source please post it.

Just a note on the last paragraph of this last comment.

In Portugal the Templars were never persecuted as they were considered essential by the portuguese kings, their order was just "transformed" into the Order of Christ which took all its assets, castles and other riches, and probably members...

Prince Henry the navigator who started and pursued the early portuguese discoveries was the "Grão Mestre" (grand master) of the Order of Christ and used its wealth to fund the expeditions and discoveries.

So portuguese ships often used this order's cross in their sails.

Also true that Columbus lived is early life in Portugal and married an important navigator's daughter and lived in Porto Santo (Madeira) where his father-in-law was "capitão-donatário" (the governor).

On the other hand since the then king of Portugal refused to fund him, he aproached the Spanish king and queen.

It is my understanding that he used their cross and flags in his ships.

These I think were quite diferent - do not trust later depictions.

Also I believe he had only one portuguese seaman in his historic voyage


I believe that they established the meaning from the red and white symbol of the Knights Templar. That however is my opinion.

Katrina Sisowath's picture

What we know as the Templar Cross is in fact a much older symbol. It dates to the time of the Annunaki and the events in the Garden of Eden. Sometimes the corss is depicted on its own, other times it has a circle, or ouroborous, around it.  As they were fond of layer upon layer of symbolism, there are a few meanings attached to it. 

The first is the forked or fiery tongues,  which is symbolic of their serpent worship and their seraphim, which were 'fiery serpents with wings'--or dragons. The Serpent Cult was the religious aspect of their culture, while the Dragon Court would have been their politico-military body

The second is the red and the white, which was both symbolic of the blood and the semen used to create life and the blood and venom which was used in temple ceremonies. Their apparel, layout of cities and design of temples all revolved around alternating red and white.

The third is that according to them, the 'Garden of Eden' or settlement where they conducted their experiments was laid out in a circle divided into quarters. 

This symbol is also known as the 'Mark of Cain'. Contrary to Genesis, the Sumerians said it was bequeathed to him to show he was under the Serpent Cult's protection from Enlil, who was outraged that Enki and Ninkhursag had created a lulu amel that was more Annunaki than human. 

It was adopted by the Templars, though the question is raised as to whether they knew of the original meanings. They may have, as though they appeared devout Christians, there certainly are enough rumours that suggest they had possession of arcane knowledge. What is also interesting is after the persecution of the Templars, those in Portugal disbanded, many joining the Hospitallers or becoming the Knights of Christ. Christopher Columbus's father-in-law was allegedly one and it is claimed they provided navigators to him for his voyage. So perhaps it was no accident he chose that symbol for his expedition (there are claims the Knight Templars had access to, and used, Ayahuasca, which would mean they did travel to South America)

Katrina Sisowath


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