The reconstructed face of the young Egyptian woman.

The Face of a Beautiful Egyptian Woman Brought to Life from 2,000-Year-Old Mummy

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The face of a young Egyptian woman who lived at least 2,000-years-ago has been reconstructed from a 3D print out of her skull. The forensic techniques employed revealed surprising facts about the beautiful woman, who has been named Meritamun, meaning beloved of the god Amun.

Researchers from the University of Melbourne in Australia, in collaboration with the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, used new technologies, including CT scanning, 3D printing and well known forensic facial reconstruction. Although, the mummy is incomplete, the remains stayed wrapped throughout the process.

The 3D printed skull of Meritamun took 140 hours to print.

The 3D printed skull of Meritamun took 140 hours to print. Picture: Paul Burston.

As Dr Ryan Jefferies, curator at the university's Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, said:

"This allowed for a non-invasive technique where we were able to see through all of the layers of the specimen, including the remanent muscle and all of the skull," he said. It's a powerful insight into someone's life who lived thousands of years ago. The advances in technology are making it easier. Whereas traditionally there was a lot more speculation, now we can be a lot more scientifically accurate with the data sets that we're using and then it becomes easier to do the reconstruction."

The head of a mummy has spent more than 90 years in the basement, which belongs to the University of Melbourne. According to the researchers, she died as a young woman between the age 18 and 25. It was determined due to the width of her mouth and the positioning of her teeth, and her nose shape and size was determined by the width of the nasal aperture. The researchers also found out that she had quite large eyes. Other parts of the body were lost due to unknown reasons.

The mummy was brought to Australia by English anthropologist Frederic Wood Jones, who joined the University of Melbourne as head of anatomy in 1930. It was excavated most probably between 1907 and 1908, when Jones completed archaeological survey work in southern Egypt to save ancient relics ahead of the Aswan Dam expansion on the Nile.

The reconstruction of Meritamun was just the beginning of the project related to the mysterious mummy. Now they hope to learn how she lived, where she came from and how she died. Moreover, according to Jefferies, the reconstruction is an exceptional teaching tool for students studying forensic analysis and pathology. It may have opened the doors to future works on many of the 12,000 forensic human specimens which belong to the collection from Melbourne.

Facial reconstruction from old skulls is a relatively new technique but is beginning to be practiced more frequently. In July, , 2016, Alicia McDermott from Ancient Origins reported on another impressive female facial reconstruction. She wrote:

''Although she has been dead for over 3,700 years, a woman known as ‘Ava’ became the muse for a modern artist. By combining her ancient remains with modern software and imaging techniques, the appearance of the mysterious Bronze Age woman has been brought to light.

Specifically, the work Ava inspired is a facial reconstruction and the artist who recreated her appearance is a forensic artist specializing in this area. According to  Daily Mail  , Hew Morrison created the reconstruction by using a variety of techniques. First, he used an anthropological/pathological assessment of Ava’s skull to better determine her age and ancestry.

Next, Morrison said  that he “implemented a formula that was pioneered by the American Anthropologist Wilton M Krogman in his 1962 book 'The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine,’” to create the shape of Ava's lower jaw, which was missing.

The archaeologist details on her website how Ava’s was undoubtedly a special burial. The remains of the young woman were probably interred in a  crouched position  in the unmarked rock-cut pit. This is considered rather odd, as most burials from the location and period were underneath a cairn or in a pit dug into soil.

One of the most interesting and hotly debated aspects about Ava’s remains is her skull. Short and round skull shapes were supposedly common amongst the Beaker people, but Hoole’s website says that the Achavanich specimen is exaggerated and of an abnormal, uneven shape.''

Top image: The reconstructed face of the young Egyptian woman. Image: Paul Burston / University of Melbourne

By Natalia Klimzcak

Comments

TUT WAS A EUROPEAN SO HE HAD TO BE RAACCCIST. AFTER ALL HE DREW PICTURES OF NEGROID ENEMIES ON HIS SHOES TO WALK ON THEM. AND CARVED THEM INTO HIS ECCLESIASTICAL FOOTSTOOL SO AS TO DOMINATE THEM. ALSO CARVED THEM INTO HIS WALKING STICKS SO HIS ENEMIES WOULD ALWAYS BE IN HIS HANDS. NO EGYPTIAN KNEW THEMSELVES TO BE OTHER THAN CAUCASIAN. THEIR CONTACT WITH SOUTHERN NEGROIDS WAS TO BATTLE INVADING "TROGLODYTES" WHOSE SPEECH RESEMBLED SCREECHING BATS.. WHEN AT THE END OF EGYPTIAN GREATNESS, A MULATTO FROM THE THEN MIXED SOUTH WAS INSTALLED AS LEADER, HE WAS NOT AN EGYPTIAN, BUT HAD LEARNED SOME OF THEIR CUSTOMS. SIMULATION IS NOT CREATION, AND IS NEVER IDENTICAL TO THE ORIGINAL WHICH IS WHY EGYPT S NO MORE. CIVILIZATIONS ARE CREATED BY PEOPLE AND WHEN THOSE PEOPLE DEPART, SO DOES THEIR CIVILIZATION.

wikipedia disputes your claims. you should write them. thx

Egypt Island doesn't exist. Most orthodox Egyptologist are in control of the message of the science of racism being told to the world in a desperate attempt to exclude Black East Africans from the foundation of pharanic ancient Egypt. Even though the culture connection is100 % black east african and not Middle Eastern or European. No one will ever deny that in the lower nile delta region a small group of Mediterranean people began to settle in the country, but to make this bogus claim that the ancient Egyptian civilization belongs to them is just another example of the science of racism without any factual evidence. Once you strip away the European Greece name for nile valley region. The real black african civilization is revealed "Ta-Merry (Egypt) Ta-seti (Sudan) Ta-Neter (Ethiopia /Eritrea). A multicultural black ethnic society .

THOSE NAMES DO NOT INDICATE ANYTHING NEGROID. THE REGIONS WERE NAMED BY CAUCASOIDS. NEGRIODS HAD NO WRITTEN LANGUAGE UNTIL IT WAS GIVEN BY CAUCASOIDS. THOTMOSIS/THOMAS IS A COMMON NAME AMONG THE WELSH AND THEY MATCH GENETICALLY. MEROE IN ETHIOPIA (GREEK MEANING SUN BURNT COMPLEXION) WAS CAUCASOID. THE PULANI/FULANI (MEANS PALE) WERE CAUCASOID. THE BEJA TOOK THEIR NAMES WITH THEM AFTER RELOCATING TO SOUTHERN FRANCE WHERE THEY USED NAMES LIKE BEAUJOLAIS, BORDEAUX, BOUGEREAU/BOUDREAUX ALL DERIVED FROM BEJA. THE CULTURE AND NATURAL ENVIRONS ARE THE SAME ON BOTH SHORES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN. HENCE THE BERBER/MOORS GENETIC LINK WITH WESTERN EUROPE. IFRIQEA ONLY REFERRED TO LIBYA (LIKE LEBANON WHICH MEANS WHITE). THEY WERE REDS AND BLONDES. LATER THEIR NAME BECAME THE NAME FOR THE CONTINENT. SO AFRICANS WERE CAUCASOID. NOW NEGROIDS CALL THEMSELVES AFTER OUR NAMES AND HERD THE CATTLE WE LEFT BEHIND. WE LEFT SOME OF OUR DNA TOO WHICH IS WHY EAST AFRICANS LOOK MORE LIKE US THAN LIKE NEGROIDS.

Your white wash fantasy about black africans are truly delusional in every way. There's more diversity within the Black african population then in Europe or the Middle East. Difference in facial features, body types, hair tesure / color and hue of skin colors which range from the spectrum from light /brown/black..Due to climate zones and the evolution of subspecies of Black African in various region of Africa .There are many different enfnic group's within West Africa that have the same features as there black Ethiopian counterparts .Racist white anthropologists discovered this fact when travelling through out west , central, and southern east/west Africa but the chose to omitted this from there finding and papers and books .To create the mythology true negros and Caucasian infuse blacked skin race of North East Africa. Ancient Egyptian culture/custom/custom/ritual/signs/symbolism /matriarchal clan and divine Kingship .Can ony be found within Black Africa the cultural heritage and bond is 100 % proof and doesn't exist in the history of Europe, Asia, Mediterranean or Arabia .Caucasian have a recessive gene and Black African have a dominant gene.After 400 years of inter breeding with Caucasian Black Americans are still black africans in appearance. Black African can genetically through breeding make the Caucasian race extinct. Know your science and history of Black Africa and stop living in a racist mythology fantasy.

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