Terracotta Warriors, Xi’an, China.

Terracotta Army Weapons Were Genuine, Military Grade and State of the Art

(Read the article on one page)

It was 1974, Xi’an, China and one of the most phenomenal archaeological discoveries ever occurred.  It was the moment when more than 8000 full scale warriors cast of clay were reintroduced to the world after hiding for over two millennia.  The vast army in waiting would become known as the ‘ Terracotta Army’ .

The warriors themselves were skillfully sculpted from clay. It was not until almost three decades after the initial discovery that research revealed that the weapons the army had been provided with were real and not replicas. What’s more, they were state of the art, with the crossbows being powerful enough to pierce contemporary armor and kill opponents with a single bolt.

Terracotta Weapons: Dagger-Axe Blades, Sword, and Crossbow Bolts

Terracotta Weapons: Dagger-Axe Blades, Sword, and Crossbow Bolts ( CC BY-NC 2.0 )

The terracotta army is now around 2,200 years old and is located at what might rightly be considered the greatest mausoleum in the world, that of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, known as First Emperor of unified China. The mausoleum complex essentially recreated the Emperors living environment ready for the afterlife. It is supposed that the purpose of the army was to ensure the eternal safety of on his journey in the afterlife. They are found as part of the huge complex covering 19.3 square miles (50 sq km). They were equipped with the latest weaponry, which would allow the army to effectively defend their king. According to an Archaeology International article , in excess of 40,000 bronze weapons were recovered with the warriors.

The most complete ancient crossbow to date was discovered in the terracotta army pit one in Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Credit: Chinanews.com

The most complete ancient crossbow to date was discovered in the terracotta army pit one in Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Credit: Chinanews.com

Arrowheads were by far the most abundant weaponry to be found. They were in bundles of 100 units which are thought to represent the contents of a single crossbowman's quiver. Each arrow was composed of the triangular pyramid-shaped projectile point, and a tang which assisted the point's snug insertion into a bamboo or wood shaft, with a feather attached at the distal end. The metallic components of the arrow (ie. the arrowhead and the tang) are the only parts that were preserved.

A handful of arrowheads from the 40000 recovered from the Terracotta Army

A handful of arrowheads from the 40000 recovered from the Terracotta Army (Image: Archaeology International CC BY 3.0 )

Scientists from the University College London and the Terracotta Army Museum reproduced arrowheads from 200BC when the Terracotta Army was built and tested them with a crossbow of that period. The results showed that the arrows easily pierced through the armor used in 2 nd century BC in China and would have been capable of inflicting a fatal blow.

“These crossbows were two millennia ahead of their time,” said Mike Loades, historian and expert in ancient weapons.

Bronze trigger for a crossbow excavated from Terracotta Army pit No. 1

Bronze trigger for a crossbow excavated from Terracotta Army pit No. 1 ( CC BY-NC 2.0 )

These findings amongst others were broadcast on a documentary ‘ New Secrets of the Terracotta Warriors’ on the UK’s Channel Four.

“Amongst the many new findings, the film reveals the true extent of the site and number of warriors and that the weapons carried by the warriors were full military grade, rather than replicas: they were designed to kill as efficiently in the afterlife as in this one,” the producers wrote. “New insights into how the figures were made, including revolutionary 3D computer modeling of the warriors' heads, challenges the traditional explanation and changes our understanding of how sophisticated technology and society were in ancient China.”

Top image: Terracotta Warriors, Xi’an, China. ( Public Domain )

By John Black

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.
Most people are now familiar with the traditional "Out of Africa" model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago. However, technological advances in DNA analysis and other fossil identification techniques, as well as an emphasis on multidisciplinary research

Myths & Legends

Human Origins

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.
Most people are now familiar with the traditional "Out of Africa" model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago. However, technological advances in DNA analysis and other fossil identification techniques, as well as an emphasis on multidisciplinary research

Ancient Technology

Ancient Places

Pictorial representation of Pyramid in Teuchitlán Guachimontones Museum.
Guachimontones (known alternatively as Huachimontones) is an archaeological site located in the western Mexican state of Jalisco. This is an important site of the Teuchitlan tradition, which was a pre-Columbian complex society that flourished in the western part of Mexico (occupying territories in the modern Mexican states of Jalisco and Nayarit).

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article