Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Uluru (Ayers Rock)

(Read the article on one page)

In the Northern Territory of Australia lies the single largest monolith rock in the world: Ayers Rock, or Uluru. At a staggering height of 346 meters and running about 2 miles in length and width, this sandstone rock formation towers over an otherwise completely flat terrain.

Uluru was probably formed by the slow erosion of the original mountain range. The rock is homogeneous, and as a result there is no soil on it. It is full of caves, canyons, cracks, water holes and other natural formations, as well as ancient paintings and carvings.

This monolith is an important and sacred place for the Aboriginals in Australia —in much the same way Titicaca is for South American tribes. Archaeological evidence has shown that the Aboriginals have lived in the region of Uluru for at least 30,000 years.  Uluru is still a living cultural landscape. The Anangu Aboriginal people are guided by Tjukurpa (law) to keep both culture and country strong. This is something that has never changed. 

According to the local legends, Uluru is believed to have resulted from the intervention of ‘gods’ when the divine beings emerged from the void and created all life on earth. It is said that two tribes of these ancestral beings had a battle to the death in this area over a beautiful lizard woman. As the result of this battle, the earth rose in grief and thus Uluru was created!

The Aboriginals do not climb Uluru since they consider it sacred, and although tourists were able to climb it in the past, it is now forbidden.

An interesting feature of Uluru is how it changes colours during the day, and over the course of the year. The sandstone of the rock contains reflective minerals that react differently to the varying positions of the sun, thus causing the surface to radiate different colours.

Uluru is an incredible and unique place to visit, and is not the only monolith one can visit in Australia. In fact, many more monoliths exist in this beautiful country, the second in size located in Queensland.

By April Holloway

Related Links

Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Ayers Rock

Comments

Hi guys.
Sorry to put a mark on your great site, but Uluru is not the largest rock/monolith.
It is actually Mt Augustus in Western Oz.
This is a well known fact here in Oz.
Have a good one.
Scott.

Tsurugi's picture

The Uluru monolith is sedimentary rock, but at some point in the distant past, possibly as a result of some massive cataclysm, it was rolled over so that its strata are turned nearly 80 degrees up from horizontal. It erodes in a very unique way because of this.
Unlike normal sedimentary rock with horizontal layers, it does not crumble at the edges, and as a result it hasn't developed the characteristic smooth ramping slopes of rubble around the base which softens the profile of most sedimentary outcrops.
Because the edges of the strata are turned upward, the rain and wind can cut directly into the softer layers, tunneling between the harder layers for hundreds of meters deep in the rock, so that there is a vast three dimensional labyrinth of tubes and tunnels inside the monolith, which can hold a vast amount of water and keep it from being evaporated by the desert sun and arid climate. As a result, there is almost always cool, clear water to be had in one of Uluru's myriad pools and springs. Naturally, there would be animals coming to drink from the springs as well. So Uluru was a constant, reliable source of food and water for anyone nearby.

I've heard that there are certain hidden or secret caves within the monolith where there is ancient knowledge related to the first days, the beginning of the dreamtime, writ upon the stone by the first men.
There is a quote that has long fascinated me regarding this legend:

"...those ancestors of ours who ventured forth from Avalon across the continent of Mu as far as the central desert of Australia--when all the continents were a single land mass, the wondrous Pangaea. If only we could still read (as the Aborigines can, but they remain silent) the mysterious alphabet carved on the great boulder Ayers Rock, we would have the Answer.
Ayers Rock is the antipode of the great (unknown) mountain that is the Pole, the true, occult Pole, not the one that any bourgeois explorer can reach. As usual, and this should be obvious to anyone whose eyes have not been blinded by the false light of Western science, the Pole that we see is not the real Pole, for the real Pole is the one that cannot be seen, except by some adepts, whose lips are sealed.
-Umberto Eco, Foucault's Pendulum

"The Aboriginals do not climb Uluru since they consider it sacred, and although tourists were able to climb it in the past, it is now forbidden."

No, it is not forbidden. The Anangu Aboriginal people tell visitors it is against their culture and an insult to do so, but it is not forbidden under common law and many people still do climb the rock. Lot's of tour buses visit the rock and follow the directions of their guide and climb the rock without knowing it insults the local tribe.
Me, it's just a rock and I would climb it if I could be bothered going out into the middle of nowhere to see it.

natasa's picture

It could even be related with what our ancestors called 'stone-banks' or it could even be like huge rock antennas or collectors of energy Has it been investigated if the Lei lines cross there?

johnblack's picture

What is really impressive with Uluru is that it is a rock out of nothing. Something similar with Montserrat in Spain - and probably many other places in the world.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Top New Stories

The two lozenges found at the Bronze Age burial site Bush Barrow
Stonehenge, the prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England is famous throughout the world and it remains today a place of extreme reverence. The monument is constructed from huge megalithic stones, some standing, some stacked upon one another and all many millennia old. The stones circle is world renown and it is an iconic image.

Myths & Legends

Golden Age By Juan Carlos Barquet
The myth and folklore of ancient cultures speak of a vast cycle of time with alternating dark and golden ages; Plato called it the Great Year. Most of us were taught that this cycle was just a myth and the golden age, just a fairytale. Giorgio de Santillana, former professor of the history of science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, tells us this idea of a cycle went far beyond Greece and India. In their landmark work, Hamlet’s Mill

Human Origins

Ancient Places

Odysseus at the court of Alcinous
The mythological Alcinous and his kingdom have remained one of the most mysterious and elusive topics of ancient Greek literature. Not much is known of this foreign monarch, or at least not much has survived the test of time. Details of the ruler and his kingdom survive only in the journeys of both Odysseus and Jason, but do those details reflect a now perverted form of reality?

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article