Megalithic structure on Vera Island

The Spectacular Ancient Megaliths of the Ural Mountains

(Read the article on one page)

Great attention has been paid to the variety of magnificent megalithic structures around the world. Yet very little is reported on the mysterious and impressive set of stone structures that can be found in the Ural Mountains of Russia. These megaliths are numerous and take on many different forms, including dolmens, menhirs, and a large megalithic cultic complex on Vera Island. While the structure and location of the hundreds of megalithic structures have been assessed in the detail, little is known about the origin of these megaliths and the culture that constructed them.

The Ural Mountain range runs from North to South through Western Russia. They extend across a total of 2,500 km (1,600 miles), reaching along the northern border of Kazakhstan from the Kara Sea to the Kazakh Steppe. The range further continues into Vaygach Island and the island of Novaya Zemlya. The highest peak, at approximately 1,895 meters (6,217 ft) in elevation is Mount Narodnaya. It is estimated to be approximately 250 to 300 million years old, making the Urals one of the world’s oldest extant mountain ranges. The Russians view the Urals as a "treasure box" of mineral resources, including iron, copper, gold, malachite, alexandrite, and other gems.

The Ural Mountains

The Ural Mountains. Source: BigStockPhoto

In the Sverdlovsk Oblast region, in the Middle Urals, there can be found numerous dolmens. According to conventional descriptions, a dolmen is a type of single-chambered megalithic tomb; however, there is really no evidence to suggest that they were initially constructed as tombs. Rather, it seems that subsequent civilizations chose to use them for this purpose.

Dolmens are usually comprised of two or more vertical stones supporting a flat horizontal stone on top. There can be variations, ranging from relatively simple to very complex. The dolmens in the Urals are considered to be small compared to other dolmens, ranging from approximately 1.5 - 2.5 m in width and length. There is some variance in the dolmens at the Urals, with two distinct styles. The stone plate dolmens are created with a mound of stones that have an attached chamber. These usually have a square court in front, and are sometimes surrounded by smaller stones. The boulder dolmens are constructed from large boulders that form a chamber. The chamber is covered by one or more flat stones. There is some variation in structure of the boulder dolmens, but they all have two entrance points - a main entrance to the side and a smaller entrance between boulders.  

Left: Dolmen of stone plates. Right: Dolmen of boulders

Left: Dolmen of stone plates. ( Wikipedia) Right: Dolmen of boulders ( Wikipedia)

The menhirs are the most typical megalith found in the Urals. A menhir is a single vertical stone. They can be found singularly, as a monolith, or in groups. The menhirs found in the Urals include monoliths and groupings, and tend to be roughly finished. All of the monoliths discovered to this point are located near either a settlement or a cemetery from the Bronze Age (3300 – 600 BC). Some of the menhir groups are in rows, 13 - 18 m long. A circular shaped structure was discovered at the village of Akhunovo in Bashkiria. Eight menhirs are formed into a circular shape that is approximately 25 m in diameter.

Menhir at Akhunovo

Menhir at Akhunovo ( Wikimedia Commons )

While the dolmens and menhirs are amazing and mysterious structures themselves, the most amazing find in the Urals are the megaliths of Vera Island in Lake Turgoyak.

Dating to the Eneolithic period, these megaliths are referred to as Megalith Number 1, Megalith Number 2, Megalith Number 3, Vera Island 9, and Vera Island 4. Megalith Number 1 is the largest megalith structure on the island, standing at 16 by 9 m. It is cut into the bedrock and covered with capstones.  It is oriented to the west, and includes a long entrance, a central hall, and two chambers, with a connecting corridor. It includes windows and sculptures of bulls and wolves. It is speculated the Megalith Number 1 served as a temple at some point.

Inside Megalith 1, Vera Island

Inside Megalith 1, Vera Island ( Wikimedia Commons )

Megalith Number 2, pictured in the feature image, was found carved into a rocky slope with a mound structure covering it. It is oriented north and contain two chambers connected by a corridor. Megalith Number 3 is created by large boulders with a square pit cut into the center rock. It is closed off by vertical stone slabs with massive boulders as capstones. Vera Island 9 is a cultic ritual place with two menhirs, while Vera Island 4 is a cultic place surrounded by vertical stones with a small menhir in the center.


Read about the purpose of the megaliths in Anastasia's books. They were built to retain humanity ancient knowledge and true capabilities at a time when it was disappearing due to transition to mega societies. .

These dolmens are very reminiscent of megalithic "passage graves" (Swedish: gånggrift) in Scandinavia:

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Human Origins

Silhouettes (Public Domain) in front of blood cells (Public Domain) and a gene.
Most people who have the Rh blood type are Rh-positive. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. Health problems may occur for the unborn child of a mother with Rh-Negative blood when the baby is Rh-Positive.

Ancient Technology

The Lycurgus Cup.
A strange chalice made its way into the British Museum’s collection in the 1950s. It is a 1,600-year-old jade green Roman artifact called the Lycurgus Cup. The image on the chalice is an iconic scene with King Lycurgus of Thrace...

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article