Jeweled Skeleton.

The Macabre, Bejeweled Skeletons of the Catacomb Saints

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In 1578, the Roman catacombs near Via Salaria were discovered by curious vineyard workers and later fully uncovered by archeologists, revealing a vast unearthly spectacle. Between 500,000 and 750,000 skeletons gaped ghostly up at them, the ancient remains of people believed to have lived in the centuries shortly after the time of Christ - during which thousands were killed, many of whom were considered to be martyrs of the faith. Encrusted with gold and jewels and adorned in fine fabrics, many of the skeletons went on display in churches to convey the treasures that await devout followers.

Catholic churches worldwide were notified and became instantly intrigued with the discovery, determined for their chapels to have a martyr's skeleton (or several) and willing to pay top dollar for the delivery. A renewed surge of interest in Catholicism could be anticipated with the purchase and distribution of the faithful dead, signaling a substantial recovery from an undermining of the religion and destruction of their treasured relics by Protestants in recent decades.

According to Paul Koudounaris, author of Heavenly Bodies, a comprehensive report on the ancient catacomb saints, explained that procuring such a skeleton for one's church in certain areas of the globe, particularly hard-hit German regions, would make a strong statement of faith as well as an expression of admirable wealth. Some well-to-do citizens sought to add them to their own private home collections, while other community venues reached out to the Vatican to order their martyrs, too. Once obtained, they would be displayed prominently and believed to protect the congregation or family/community group as a saint. When full skeletons could not be purchased, a single piece, like a ribcage or skull, would often suffice.

Dr. Paul Koudounaris

Dr. Paul Koudounaris ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

How did they know which skeletons were martyrs?

Pagans and Jews were also buried alongside the Christians in the catacomb, however, leaving the church with some ascertaining to do. One determining feature appeared to be the engraving of a letter 'M' near the corpse. While skeptics have argued that this 'M' carving could be indicative of other things, such as the popular ancient Roman name "Marcus", church authorities remained convinced it meant 'martyr'. In addition, the church believed martyred skeletons could be identified by the ethereal golden glow they emitted, as well as a lovely perfumed aroma, so established psychics were recruited to roam through the mass grave selecting the real martyrs from the among their common neighbors.

Overlooking a possibility that the aroma could be due to another ancient Roman custom of leaving containers of perfume on graves, the church also firmly believed the dried sediment extracted from vessels found aside the remains once held the corpse's own blood - not perfume. Upon determining a skeleton belonged to a martyr, the church Vatican then would later decide who it was and officially give them the title.

From the Gallery of 20th Century Martyrs at Westminster Abbey—l.

From the Gallery of 20th Century Martyrs at Westminster Abbey—l. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

It was no small doing to have such a martyred saint situated in your church at the time. Fittingly, historic church baptismal records would often show numerous babies named after their martyr for many years following the arrival of the ghoulish decor, an honor suitable for the saint actively watching over them, protecting them from harm or other beneficial acts. Some churches even kept logs in "miracle books" which chronicled the positive events or strokes of good fortune believed to have been brought on by their regional patron saint.

Enough sparkle and shine to reflect the splendor of a martyr’s afterlife

The process of beautifying each skeleton was usually entrusted to convents, or occasionally monasteries. Up to three years' worth of work ensued, including the frequent initial wrapping of the corpse with a specially-woven gauze fabric made by the nuns. This fabric was fine and sheer, yet prevented dust accumulation and helped hold the bones together throughout the decorating process. Some martyrs' skulls were given wax faces, sometimes even shaped into smiles or other facial expressions. After the wrapping and/or waxing came the jewels, gems, gold and lavish garments, as well as the careful manipulation of the skeleton into lifelike positions. Different nuns or groups of nuns/monks began to have their own recognizably different styles of martyr-decorating, although usually they performed their skills anonymously.

Skeleton covered in Jewels.

Skeleton covered in Jewels. (

Discredited and destroyed  

As the 18th century neared its close, many political leaders took up a more modern perspective and viewed anything considered 'superstitious' in a negative light. Those like Austrian Emperor Joseph II were of a mind to gather and destroy such relics in hopes of reducing the appearance of "vulgarity" or "barbarity" in their constituent communities.


Saints don’t gather physical treasure they gather spiritual treasure. The desire to acquire and hoard physical treasure is a sign that one is living in hell, spiritual treasure leads to a aplace of inner peace, unconditional love, trust  and faith that everything happening in the universe is occuring for ones own highest spiritual growth and learning and that one will find the light/ lunconditonal love/ inner peace and understanding within oneself if one does one’s spiritual healing work and seeks to find the divine source within oneself.  Hence it is very easy to see how the whole movement of jewelled skeletons promoted a false spiritual reality. 

If you don't mind, before drawing any premature conclusions, I'ld rather wait what science has to say about 'the meaning of life'. Untill then I continue to be a hedonist... :P

Agreed, but the bible itself states ‘the streets of heaven are paved with gold’. So one has to assume gold is a comodity in ‘paradise’, and a mighty abundant one too.  I wonder if they have silver sidewalks.

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