“Gate of the Sun” at Tiwanaku, Bolivia

“Gate of the Sun” at Tiahuanaco, Bolivia

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In western Bolivia, at a height of 13,000 feet, lies the ancient city of Tiahuanaco (Tiwanaku). It is the capital of an empire that extended into present-day Peru and Chile, flourishing from 300 to 1000 AD, and is believed to be one of the most important cities of ancient America.  Andean legends claim the area around Lake Titicaca was the cradle of the first humans on Earth. According to the myths, Lord Viracocha, the creator of all things, chose Tiahuanaco as the place of creation.

Tiahuanaco is now about 800 feet above the level of Lake Titicaca, but most archaeologists agree that it was once a port. Structures have been found in Lake Titicaca which show that the sea levels have changed dramatically throughout history.

It is unknown how old these ruins are. Some researchers suggest that they date to 14,000 years BC. One ruin still standing in Tiahuanaco is the Gate of the Sun. The Gate of the Sun is approximately 3 metres tall and carved on a single block of stone.  When rediscovered by European explorers in the mid-19th century, the megalith was lying horizontally and had a large crack going through it. It currently stands in the same location where it was found, although it is believed that this is not its original location, which remains uncertain.

The figures that decorate the stone are believed to have astronomical connotations and resemble human-like beings with wings and curled-up tails, and appear to be wearing rectangular ‘helmets’, although interpretations differ. The ‘ Sun-God’ is in the centre and is sculpted with rays emitting from his face in all directions. He also appears to be holding a staff in each hand. The ‘Sun-God’ figure is also called the ‘Weeping God’ because things similar to tears are carved on its face.

Some people believe that this ‘gate’ was used as a calendar, causing some to call it ‘the Calendar Gate’.  Indeed, it appears to reflect a solar year, however, it cannot be made to fit into the solar year as we divide it at present. The calendar has 290 days, divided into twelve months of 24 days each. Other radical theories suggest it was a portal to another dimension, perhaps to the 'land of the gods'.

Taking into account that Andes myths point to Tiahuanaco as the place of creation, it is certainly an important place to visit.

Related Links

Tiwanaku

Tiwanaku by Dan Eden

Tiahuanaco and the Deluge

Comments

This reminds me of something out of the Epic of Giglamesh and other similar stories. I doubt it is the birth site of mankind or civilixstion, but perhaps it is the original place of that group of people, that would make more sense. I doubt mankind all came from one place on this planet.

I wish the picture of the gate had a bit more detail. Of course I wish that I had my books, which are in storage. I say this because I came across information, (from Ancient Aliens), which said that there were 50 of those winged lions(?) on this structure - But I can only count 48. Are the other two underneath the Sun God?
I mention this because 50 is the number used by the Sumerians to denote the Sun God, and I have found this same count on a petroglyph on a canyon wall near Green River, Utah - In this case the Sun God has 50 ribs.
As for the two staffs - Only one of them has the heads two birds looking skyward - And it is my opinion that they represent two streams of consciousness. Sometimes these streams are shown as streams like those found on page 76 of the Dresden Codex, the aforementioned petroglyph, and some Sumerian cylinder seals. And sometimes these streams are portrayed as serpents, such as found on a Paracas woven textile. Most of the time, (if you place yourself in the image), the stream or serpent being held in the left hand is either devoid of life or contains less water, whereas the stream or serpent in the right hand possesses life or more water. I could go on, but then I'd be writing an article. I will leave you with however - There is a Sumerian or One People connection - And this can be seen in a bowl which was found in Puma Punka containing Sumerian cuneiform writing.

Grant Steffy you have done your homework. The bowl you mentioned with cuneiform writing is called the Fuente Magna Bowl and can be seen at the Gold Museum in La Paz.

the little guy we presented on the gate is viracocha the Sun God. He is holding two Thunderbolts that have heads like a snake. Also, he is often depicted dangling human heads from his arms. He is Peruvian mythological God. Though rich in fascinating and interesting culture, the Incans were a very violent people. They had a lot of human sacrifices and their religious sites such as the Machu Picchu were where they performed human sacrifice. It is strange that this gate is in Bolivia not true, though the country's limits might have changed through the years.at any rate, a beautiful piece of Peruvian history. I wonder, since ot was found down on the ground if it was moved from Peru altogether.

sorry, I am dealing with a very shaky screen and voice recognition software which is switching my words and posting a lot of nonsense in my post above, and my text corrections were auto corrected and reversed. /let's try that again.
the little guy represented on the gate is Viracocha, the Sun God. He is holding two thunderbolts that have heads like a snake. Also, he is often depicted dangling human heads from his arms. He is a Peruvian mythological god, the most powerful god of the Incas., Though rich in fascinating and interesting culture, the Incas were a very violent people. They had a lot of human sacrifices and their religious sites such as the Machu Picchu were where they performed human sacrifice. It is strange that this gate is in Bolivia and not Peru, though the country's boarders might have changed through the years.at any rate, a beautiful piece of Peruvian history. I wonder, since it was found down on the ground if it was moved from Peru altogether.

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