The Badlands Guardian and Other Uncanny Products of Pareidolia

The Badlands Guardian and Other Uncanny Products of Pareidolia

(Read the article on one page)

Amidst the rugged terrain of the badlands of southeastern Alberta, Canada is a geologic feature that, from the air, bears a striking resemblance to an indigenous Canadian wearing a headdress. Observers have also noticed that a road leading to a natural gas well makes it appear as if the figure is wearing earphones connected to an iPod.

Although the feature looks very much like a carved head, it is in fact a natural feature created by erosion from wind and rain of the soft soil composed of sand, silt, and clay. It is an example of pareidolia, a phenomenon which causes humans to see meaningful patterns where none exist.

Creation of the Badlands Guardian

The feature was discovered by Lynn Hickox, an armchair explorer using Google Earth to search for interesting features. She was looking for directions to a paleontology museum when the feature “jumped out” at her as she puts it. She shared it with friends on the Google Earth forum. After the feature became widely known it was eventually dubbed the “Badlands Guardian.” Duane Froese, a professor of Geology at the University of Alberta, commented on the feature saying that Hickox was lucky to have found it.

The ‘Badlands Guardian’ feature.

The ‘Badlands Guardian’ feature. ( Google Maps )

The Badlands Guardian feature is actually a drainage basin which was probably created during a period of rapid erosion. Southeastern Alberta is characterized by badlands terrain. Badlands terrain consists of thick layers of soft sedimentary rock and soils that have been eroded over time by wind and rain to create fantastic geologic landscapes and features.

These landscapes are formed as sediment is deposited in rivers, oceans, tropical environments, lakes, and deltas. After the climate becomes arid, periodic rains will cause flash floods and rapid erosion that carves out canyons, gullies, and drainage basins. Wind erosion also plays a role, creating structures such as hoodoos - spindly rock towers that rise over the landscape like giants.

Hoodoo near Wahweap Creek, Page, Arizona.

Hoodoo near Wahweap Creek, Page, Arizona. (Wolfgang Staudt/ CC BY 2.0 )

Other examples of this landscape are found in areas of the western United States in the Dakotas, Utah, and Montana, among other places. In Canada, badlands are especially common in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. These areas in the United States and Canada are famous for their fossils. Fossils tend to be best preserved in sediment-rich environments with high deposition rates, such as rivers and deltas, which form most of the rock and sediment making up badlands terrain. Numerous dinosaur fossils have been found in rocks from these regions.

Chasmosaurus belli ROM 843, Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology. Late Cretaceous 75-74.5 million years ago. Found at Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta, and prepared at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta.

Chasmosaurus belli ROM 843, Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology. Late Cretaceous 75-74.5 million years ago. Found at Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta, and prepared at the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller, Alberta. ( CC BY SA 2.0 )

The Badlands Guardian is an example of a feature that can be formed simply by wind and rain. Though it is a basin feature, it looks like a range of hills at first glance from satellite images because of the hollow face illusion. This optical illusion is similar to the phenomenon that makes craters on the Moon and similar planetary bodies sometimes look topographically inverted in images, though the effect is reversed. The craters look like hills instead of the basins that they are in reality.

A hollow face illusion shown in snow.

A hollow face illusion shown in snow. (Nevit Dilmen/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

The Badlands Guardian was probably formed over a couple of millennia by successive periods of rapid erosion of the rock and soil by water from brief heavy rainfall events. It is not certain if the exact age can be determined.

Questioning Pareidolia

Although there are already suggestions that it is an artificial feature, one source even claims that it was built by extraterrestrials, there is currently no reason to believe that the Badlands Guardian was artificially constructed. The head is only apparent from certain images, and if observed in a different lighting or from a different vantage point, it just looks like an ordinary drainage basin.

Furthermore, if it were really a megalithic structure of some sort, there would likely be others found in the area as well - it would follow indigenous traditions related to the construction of such features. There would also be archaeological evidence of large nearby settlements, since large structures such as a giant hollow face usually require many people living in complex societies to make them. Currently there is no archaeological or ethnographic evidence that any indigenous culture in the area ever built such structures or that an advanced ancient civilization with the technology necessary for building this type of feature existed in that region. Based on these facts, it is more likely that it is just an unusual drainage basin that resembles a human head and shoulders because of pareidolia.

Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.

Human Origins

Silhouettes (Public Domain) in front of blood cells (Public Domain) and a gene.
Most people who have the Rh blood type are Rh-positive. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. Health problems may occur for the unborn child of a mother with Rh-Negative blood when the baby is Rh-Positive.

Ancient Technology

Roman glass (not the legendary flexible glass). Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart.
Imagine a glass you can bend and then watch it return to its original form. A glass that you drop but it doesn’t break. Stories say that an ancient Roman glassmaker had the technology to create a flexible glass, ‘vitrium flexile’, but a certain emperor decided the invention should not be.

Ancient Places

Face of the coffin in which the mummy of Ramesses II was found. (Credit: Petra Lether, designed by Anand Balaji)
Usermaatre Setepenre Ramesses II, the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty, was one of ancient Egypt’s longest-reigning monarchs. In an astonishing sixty-seven regnal years – the glory days of empire that witnessed unprecedented peace and prosperity – the monarch built grand edifices and etched his name on innumerable monuments of his forbears.


Hopewell mounds from the Mound City Group in Ohio. Representative image
During the Early Woodland Period (1000—200 BC), the Adena people constructed extensive burial mounds and earthworks throughout the Ohio Valley in Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and West Virginia. Many of the skeletal remains found in these mounds by early antiquarians and 20th-Century archaeologists were of powerfully-built individuals reaching between 6.5 and eight feet in height (198 cm – 244 cm).

Our Mission

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.

The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.

We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. 

Ancient Image Galleries

View from the Castle Gate (Burgtor). (Public Domain)
Door surrounded by roots of Tetrameles nudiflora in the Khmer temple of Ta Phrom, Angkor temple complex, located today in Cambodia. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Cable car in the Xihai (West Sea) Grand Canyon (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Next article