Egypt Khemitology

The Hidden History Of Egypt: Khemitology

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Egypt is currently in the news, and not for the most pleasant of reasons. Political disturbances are being felt in isolated pockets of the country, yet are clearly overblown by western media, and some foreign governments. But this land, and especially the fertile areas that border the Nile River has been a vital part of human history for thousands of years. From the rise of Islam in the 7 th century AD, and back through the Coptic Christians, Jews, Romans, Greeks, Persians and finally the so called dynastic Egyptians, each successive dominant culture has left their mark.

The clearest evidence of this is in the stone constructions they left behind. And it is through the study of these works that we can see the level of technology each culture had, through what tools they used. Limestone is and has been in great abundance in the country, especially near Cairo, due to the laying down of sedimentary deposits millions of years ago. In fact, the famous Giza plateau is more or less a massive outcrop of limestone.

Both the Romans and Greeks had the use of steel, and thus could shape limestone with ease, as well as marble. However, the archaeological record shows us that the dynastic Egyptians worked with mainly bronze tools, such as chisels, as well as stone hammers. These would have been fine for the shaping of limestone, as in the columns and flat surfaces which make up many of the palaces and temples that we think of as dynastic achievements.

Limestone averages 3 to 4 on the Mohs scale, which is an indication of the ability of harder minerals and materials to scratch softer ones. And bronze has a similar hardness, depending on what has been added to the copper base. The first bronze in any appreciable quantities was in use in Egypt starting in the 4 th dynasty (2613 to 2494 B.C.) and this coincided, as most Egyptologists would have it, with the building of the three pyramids at Giza.

Egypt KhemitologyThe stone often used for hammers and other tools was usually diorite, which has a hardness of 7, on average, on the Mohs scale. It was mainly in the form of ball shaped pounders which were used to strike the limestone as a way of removing material. And, flat stones could be employed, along with silica sand slurry to act as an early sanding process.

It is commonly believed that iron, let alone steel did not appear in appreciable quantities until at least the 8 th century BC in Egypt, brought in by traders from lands farther to the east. So how was the harder stone shaped?

In order to shape stone, or wood, or practically any solid material, there is one simple principle; the tool material has to be as hard or harder than the material being worked. Also, a power tool, that which is energized by electricity, water or some other force tends to remove material faster and more efficiently than a tool operated solely by hand. As well, powered instruments tend to be more accurate in their execution than those which are solely human operated and energized.

This then leads to a true conundrum when we look, for example, at some of the shaped surfaces on the Giza plateau, because here, and many engineers can attest to this, we find evidence of the use of machine powered saws in deep antiquity. In order to get into any real depth about this, I will refer to the research of two great contemporary men, Stephen Mehler and Christopher Dunn, both of whom I traveled with in Egypt in April 2013.

Stephen Mehler is an oral tradition specialist and author of ancient Egyptian knowledge; much of his tutelage came from his relationship with Abd’El Hakim Awyan. The latter was an Egyptian tour guide and indigenous wisdom keeper. Christopher Dunn is a master machinist, born and raised in England who moved to the United States and worked in high technology establishments which make, for example, specialized parts for jet engines.

Conventional Egyptology has a tendency to either ignore, or insufficiently try to explain the machined saw marks I witnessed, as well as obvious examples of high speed core drills having been at work at such sites as Abu Sir, Abu Ghurob, and the Giza plateau. The important point is that the saw marks and drill holes that I and others have seen, in profusion in these and other areas were not so much in soft limestone, but in far harder rock like basalt, granite and diorite.


Zuell's picture

The Egyptians of that era[s] had assistance from advanced individuals or civilizations that few admit to. To think that these ancient people could cut and drill  stone with such accurate execution is in my opinion wrong. They had help, just like they had assistance building the pyramids, and it wasnt from this planet.


There is no evidence supporting this 'alien' idea. That is just the way it is; sorry buddy. To any thinking person, it is inherently more probable that these structures were made by PEOPLE, not aliens. If you don't understand this, there is no hope for you.
Go back to your TV/movies and keep watching Star Trek.

johnblack's picture

The fact that we don’t know about any evidence doesn’t mean that evidence does not exist.

As I have mentioned many times any such evidence would have been kept well hidden, since any proof that ‘aliens’ interfered with humanity in the past could potentially create unimaginable chaos, political and religion upheavals, change of powers and change to the fundamental structures of our society. And nobody wants that…

So if I were you Mark, I wouldn’t reply in such a negative and fanatical way! The possibility of such an interference makes sense and is always open.

After all it is statistically impossible for other alien civilizations not to exist in the Universe, and since they do exist who are we to judge if they have the technology or means to travelling large distances?

Our civilization is extremely young and in the scale of the Universe we are a new-born baby – who however believes that knows everything .

If advanced visitors did in fact help in the creation of some of these ancient marvels as some believe, why would they be using such basic-primitive tools such as a drill and a saw to accomplish this?

Rather than credit the people of Black Khemet- just say the "aliens" did it "for" them. Right.

Rather than credit the people of Black Khemet- just say the "aliens" did it "for" them. Right.

You can see them their pictures all over the statues and painting. For any adult to think other wise is racism and evil.Children of course knows these are same every day Africans living today. Their ancestors without us Africans no such a thing call Egypt would have existed

This Abd’El Hakim Awyan fella sounds shifty; is there any evidence that the drill cores were done in ancient times?

Hakim was actually not properly credited in this article. Far from being "shifty", he was a highly educated archeologicist AND indigenous oral wisdom keeper. He may have been a guide to many, but he was not a tour guide by trade; that statement does little credit to such a highly regarded individual in this field.

Was wondering also can they date the cut/ drill marks? How can you tell if those drill marks or cuts are recent or not??

ancient-origins's picture

Unfortunately we do not know of any reliable way to date stones. That's the reson for the confusion with dating archaeological sites. We can only accurately date organic material and pottery.

How about the traditional method of comparing the patina on the surface of the cuts to that on the rest of the stone?

Tsurugi's picture

They are strewn everywhere throughout major sites in Egypt. Some have been found in contextual areas--places where they couldn't have been if they were modern artifacts.

Perhaps one of the best examples of seemingly impossibly drilled granite would be the "sarcophagus" box in the King's Chamber of the Great Pyramid. Somehow that thing was scooped out with a tool that traveled an appreciable fraction of a centimeter per pass. And could cut square.

There is a very good method of dating stone, namely zirconium isotope analysis. This works on the basis that there is a continous downfall of zirkonium from the atmosphere to the effect that all exposed surfaces will have a certain content of cirkonium. A stone lying open in a quarry while being shaped and then buried inside a structure of some sort will have a certain quota between the zirkonium isotopes on its surface proving its age. I think that this method have been discredited by the archeaologists when it have been showing, what in their opinion is the "wrong result". I only know from the early nineties, that there were only a few laboratories (3) capable of this analycis worldwide, one in Uppsala Sweden, one in Japan and one somewhere else.

I believe that Khemet is the actual word for Egypt in ancient Egypt. It was later named Het-Ka-Ptah by the Greeks which meant the "Place of the Projection of the Principle of Ptah" or the "Place where the Projection of Ptah Manifested." Accordingly transferred to Europe as Agiotos and then evolved to Egypt.So what you say about Khemetians is quite not correct, it is the same people, despite the evidence that shows that written inscriptions were made later. Khemetians are the same as the ancient Egyptians who built many other structures later on, just in case someone come up with myth saying that Khemetians are not the Ancient Egyptians themselves!!!

I believe that the Egyptians did have some kind of help from an advanced civilazation,and that they might have been visitors from another planet ,time ,or even demension dare I say.There are just too many unanswered questions to deny the fact that , ancient man had help making these mysteriuos wonders of the world. 

Fascinating. But I do wish people would stop saying "Aliens" whenever they can't explain something. It seems to have become this decade's catch-all explanation. 


Archeologyrocks i happen to agree with you, aliens do not exist and if they exist theyre on their own planets and so theyre not alien. People are being brainwashed to accept a doctrine that has no validity and leaves more questions than answers, aliens aliens aliens! I have taken the time to read a lot of eastern mythology. I think the key is there, they do not depict aliens helping them build things, they depict highly advanced human civilizations, advanced in all terms even in their relation to nature. And there are other non-human civilizations but they are not from outer space, just earthly, like us.

Ancient astronaut theory is BULL, even UFO researchers stand divided on if aliens really exist or if they come from another dimension.

How could you even presume to make statements that "aliens do not exist"? Think of the vast size of our cosmos, numbering in the hundreds of billions of galaxies, not to mention the trillions of planets that could potentially sustain life - and the likelihood that some civilizations have mastered star-travel. As for the ancient astronaut theory being BULL, people need to do their own research. Take the time to read any related-material by authors Timothy Good or Graham Hancock (rather than trying to convince any of the "skeptics") - and it will broaden your perception of Earth's true history.

Oh yeah...drill marks, saw marks, pits for giants saw, all this has been found all over the world at numerous sites, Egypt is just one of many. South America has stones cut with laser precision and other sites with saw marks and tool marks. Not to mention walls built without mortar and the grooves are so tight that no light or paper can pass through. I have said this before but people of ancient times were not dumb, perhaps they were even smarter than we are becuase even today with all of our advances and superior technologu (hmm mmh) we can duplicate what they did then.

This has nothing to do with this story. But i just wanted to tell people that i just recived my 1st free gift from this site and i just love it!!!!

This alien-civilizations-helping-humans thing is pretty much the same attitude as calling "magic" or "miracle" the observations that we have not been able to explain scientifically.

I'm glad you made this point. When someone credits aliens to some ancient accomplishment, it's the same as when previous generations credited the creation of something they couldn't explain to demons, angels, or gods. It simply means that we don't know how it could have been done, so aliens or gods basically equals a big question mark.

I'm not sure about the carvings of the rose quartz v's the limestone. Surely if the rose quartz is harder and therefore required more advanced tools pre dynastic and the rose quartz last longer....there would be many more carved rose quartz artifacts?? Yet the limestone ones seem to be everywhere. Something does not add up. I notice all the ( or nearly all) of the rose quartz carvings are of people or obelisks on, bar the pyramids. Yet there are buildings etc in limestone. If the better technology existed before the pharonic dynasties why do we not see more stuctures??? I also am interested in the pyramid being aligned to the polaris originally theory. Purely from a spiritual point ( and not saying this is in anyway fact- just a passing thought) could the rose quartz staues of pharoahs be the original builders of pyramids? I'm really interested in the positioning of the pyramids, their purpose and builders. If some current claims are accurate these structures could be over 50,000 years old which gives a very real and significant change to thinking on all levels. I'd be interested to hear any feedback or other thoughts. Regards.

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